Toxicity and sublethal effects of six insecticides to last instar larvae and adults of the biocontrol agents Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) and Adalia bipunctata (L.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)

Garzón Hidalgo, Agustín and Medina Velez, Maria Pilar and Amor Parrilla, Fermín and Viñuela Sandoval, Elisa and Budia Marigil, Maria Flor (2015). Toxicity and sublethal effects of six insecticides to last instar larvae and adults of the biocontrol agents Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) and Adalia bipunctata (L.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). "Chemosphere", v. 132 ; pp. 87-93. ISSN 0045-6535. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.03.016.

Description

Title: Toxicity and sublethal effects of six insecticides to last instar larvae and adults of the biocontrol agents Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) and Adalia bipunctata (L.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)
Author/s:
  • Garzón Hidalgo, Agustín
  • Medina Velez, Maria Pilar
  • Amor Parrilla, Fermín
  • Viñuela Sandoval, Elisa
  • Budia Marigil, Maria Flor
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Chemosphere
Date: August 2015
ISSN: 0045-6535
Volume: 132
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Agrónomos (UPM) [antigua denominación]
Department: Producción Agraria
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

To further develop Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies against crop pests, it is important to evaluate the effects of insecticides on biological control agents. Therefore, we tested the toxicity and sublethal effects (fecundity and fertility) of flonicamid, flubendiamide, metaflumizone, spirotetramat, sulfoxaflor and deltamethrin on the natural enemies Chrysoperla carnea and Adalia bipunctata. The side effects of the active ingredients of the insecticides were evaluated with residual contact tests for the larvae and adults of these predators in the laboratory. Flonicamid, flubendiamide, metaflumizone and spirotetramat were innocuous to last instar larvae and adults of C. carnea and A. bipunctata. Sulfoxaflor was slightly toxic to adults of C. carnea and was highly toxic to the L4 larvae of A. bipunctata. For A. bipunctata, sulfoxaflor and deltamethrin were the most damaging compounds with a cumulative larval mortality of 100%. Deltamethrin was also the most toxic compound to larvae and adults of C. carnea. In accordance with the results obtained, the compounds flonicamid, flubendiamide, metaflumizone and spirotetramat might be incorporated into IPM programs in combination with these natural enemies for the control of particular greenhouse pests. Nevertheless, the use of sulfoxaflor and deltamethrin in IPM strategies should be taken into consideration when releasing either of these biological control agents, due to the toxic behavior observed under laboratory conditions. The need for developing sustainable approaches to combine the use of these insecticides and natural enemies within an IPM framework is discussed.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainAGL2010-22196-C02-02/AGRUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

More information

Item ID: 37404
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/37404/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:37404
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.03.016
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653515002167
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 05 Nov 2015 15:05
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2017 22:30
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