Quantification of the effect of both technical and non-technical measures from road transport on Spain's emissions projections

López Martínez, José María and Lumbreras Martin, Julio and Guijarro Lomeña, Alberto and Rodríguez Hurtado, María Encarnación (2008). Quantification of the effect of both technical and non-technical measures from road transport on Spain's emissions projections. In: "Air Pollution 2008. Sixteenth International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution", 22/09/2008-24/09/2008, Skiathos, Grecia. ISBN 978-1-845-64127-6. pp..

Description

Title: Quantification of the effect of both technical and non-technical measures from road transport on Spain's emissions projections
Author/s:
  • López Martínez, José María
  • Lumbreras Martin, Julio
  • Guijarro Lomeña, Alberto
  • Rodríguez Hurtado, María Encarnación
Contributor/s:
  • Guijarro, Alberto
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: Air Pollution 2008. Sixteenth International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution
Event Dates: 22/09/2008-24/09/2008
Event Location: Skiathos, Grecia
Title of Book: The proceedings of Air Pollution XVI
Date: 2008
ISBN: 978-1-845-64127-6
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Emissions, road transport, air quality, green house gases, methodology, policies and measures
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Química Industrial y del Medio Ambiente
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Atmospheric emissions from road transport have increased all around the world since 1990 more rapidly than from other pollution sources. Moreover, they contribute to more than 25% of total emissions in the majority of the European Countries. This situation confirms the importance of road transport when complying with emission ceilings (e.g. Kyoto Protocol and National Emissions Ceilings Directive). A methodology has been developed to evaluate the effect of transport measures on atmospheric emissions (EmiTRANS). Its application to Spain in the horizon of 2020 allows the quantification of the effect of several measures on emission reductions. This quantification was done through scenario development. Several scenarios were calculated considering technical measures (e.g. vehicle scrapping systems, higher penetration of hybrid and electric vehicles, fuel substitution, etc.) and non-technical measures (mileage reduction, implementation of Low Emission Zones and/or Congestion Charges in main cities, reduction of average speeds, logistical improvements that affects heavy duty vehicle load factors, etc.). The scenarios show the effect of each measure on NOx, SO2, CO, PM10, PM2.5, VOC, CO2 and CH4 emissions. The main conclusion is the necessity to combine both technical and non-technical measures to increase global effectiveness. In the analysis of specific pollutants, there is a great dispersion on reductions effect: technical measures are more effective to reduce air pollutants while non-technical measures are better options to reduce greenhouse effect gases (even though they also reduce air pollutants in a less efficient way).

More information

Item ID: 3817
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/3817/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:3817
Official URL: http://www.wessex.ac.uk/08-conferences/air-pollution-2008.html
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 21 Jul 2010 10:59
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2017 18:34
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