Modelización de las fallas activas para la estimación de la Peligrosidad Sísmica. Aplicación Metodológica en Haití

Parra Gonzalez, Diego Alejandro (2015). Modelización de las fallas activas para la estimación de la Peligrosidad Sísmica. Aplicación Metodológica en Haití. Tesis (Master), E.T.S.I. en Topografía, Geodesia y Cartografía (UPM).

Descripción

Título: Modelización de las fallas activas para la estimación de la Peligrosidad Sísmica. Aplicación Metodológica en Haití
Autor/es:
  • Parra Gonzalez, Diego Alejandro
Director/es:
  • Benito Oterino, Belén
  • Torres Fernández, Yolanda
Tipo de Documento: Tesis (Master)
Título del máster: Ingeniería Geodésica y Cartografía
Fecha: 17 Julio 2015
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: riesgo sismico, catalogo sismico, fallas activas, modelizacion
Escuela: E.T.S.I. en Topografía, Geodesia y Cartografía (UPM)
Departamento: Ingeniería Cartográfica y Topografía
Grupo Investigación UPM: Ingeniería Sísmica: Dinámica de Suelos y Estructuras
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - No comercial - Compartir igual

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Resumen

The development of this Master's Thesis is aimed at modeling active for estimating seismic hazard in Haití failures. It has been used zoned probabilistic method, both classical and hybrid, considering the incorporation of active faults as independent units in the calculation of seismic hazard. In this case, the rate of seismic moment is divided between the failures and the area seismogenetic same region. Failures included in this study are the Septentrional, Matheux and Enriquillo fault. We compared the results obtained by both methods to determine the importance of considering the faults in the calculation. In the first instance, updating the seismic catalog, homogenization, completeness analysis and purification was necessary to obtain a catalog ready to proceed to the estimation of the hazard. With the seismogenic zoning defined in previous studies and the updated seismic catalog, they are obtained relations Gutenberg-Richter recurrence of seismicity, superficial and deep in each area. Selected attenuation models were those used in (Benito et al., 2011), as the tectonic area of study is very similar to that of Central America. Its implementation has been through the development of a logical in which each branch is multiplied by an index based on the relevance of each combination of models. Results are presented as seismic hazard maps for return periods of 475, 975 and 2475 years, and spectral acceleration (SA) in structural periods: 0.1 - 0.2 - 0.5 - 1.0 and 2.0 seconds, and the difference accelerations between maps obtained by the classical method and the hybrid method. Maps realize the importance of including faults as separate items in the calculation of the hazard. The morphology of the zoned maps presented higher values in the area where the superficial and deep zone overlap. In the results it can determine that the minimum values in the zoned approach they outweigh the hybrid method, especially in areas where there are no faults. Higher values correspond to those obtained in fault zones by the hybrid method understanding that the contribution of the faults in this method is very important with high values. The maximum value of PGA obtained is close to Septentrional in 963gal, near to 460 gal in Matheux, and the Enriquillo fault line value reaches 760gal PGA in the Eastern segment and Western 730gal in the segment. This compares with that obtained in the zoned approach in this area where the value of PGA obtained was 240gal. These values are compared with those obtained by Frankel et al., (2011) with those have much similarity in values and morphology, in contrast to those presented by Benito et al., (2012) and the Standard Seismic Dominican Republic

Más información

ID de Registro: 38482
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/38482/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:38482
Depositado por: Don Diego Alejandro Parra Gonzalez
Depositado el: 20 Nov 2015 10:14
Ultima Modificación: 20 Nov 2015 10:14
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