Distributive effects of the new highway infrastructure in the Netherlands: the role of network effect and spatial spillovers

Condeço Melhorado, Ana M. and Tillema, Taede and Jong, Tom de and Koopal, Rogier (2014). Distributive effects of the new highway infrastructure in the Netherlands: the role of network effect and spatial spillovers. "Journal of Transport Geography", v. 34 ; pp. 96-105. ISSN 0966-6923. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2013.11.006.

Description

Title: Distributive effects of the new highway infrastructure in the Netherlands: the role of network effect and spatial spillovers
Author/s:
  • Condeço Melhorado, Ana M.
  • Tillema, Taede
  • Jong, Tom de
  • Koopal, Rogier
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Journal of Transport Geography
Date: January 2014
ISSN: 0966-6923
Volume: 34
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Spillover effects of road infrastructure; Network effects; Accessibility; Transport appraisal; Funding infrastructure and responsibilities; Decentralization
Faculty: Centro de Investigación del Transporte (TRANSyT) (UPM)
Department: Otro
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Network effects and spatial spillovers are intrinsic impacts of transport infrastructure. Network effects imply that an improvement in a particular link in a network generates effects in many other elements of that network, while spillover effects can be defined as those impacts occurring beyond the regions where the actual transport investment is made. These two related effects entail a redistribution of impacts among regions, and their omission from road planning is argued to cause the systematic underestimation of the profitability of transport projects and therefore the public financing they require. However, traditional transport appraisal methodologies fail to consider network and spillover effects. In this study we focus on the spillover impacts of two highway sections planned in the city region of Eindhoven, located in the Dutch province of Noord-Brabant, a region with traffic congestion problems. The new road infrastructure will be financed mainly by national government, the province and the urban region of Eindhoven (‘Stadsregio Eindhoven’), which consists of 21 municipalities. We measure the benefits of the additional links in terms of travel time savings and the accompanying monetary gains. The results show that important spillovers occur in those municipalities close to the new links. The province of Noord-Brabant will benefit the most. We also found important spillovers in the province of Limburg. This latter province will benefit from reduced travel times without contributing financially to the establishment of the analysed new road links.

More information

Item ID: 38830
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/38830/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:38830
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2013.11.006
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0966692313002305
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 25 May 2017 10:43
Last Modified: 25 May 2017 10:43
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