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Vehicle-induced force on pedestrians
Sanz Andres, Angel Pedro and Laverón Simavilla, Ana and Cuerva Tejero, Alvaro and Baker, C.
Vehicle-induced force on pedestrians.
"Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics", v. 92
The main object of this study is to contribute to the study of the train-induced force on pedestrians with a theoretical model based on unsteady potential flow. The same method can be applied to other bodies and other kind of moving vehicles.
The outcome of this theoretical model is that the force coefficient (referred to the vehicle speed and the pedestrian cross-section diameter) acting on the pedestrian are proportional to a single parameter which involves the pedestrian cross-section diameter, the vehicle cross-section area and the distance between the pedestrian and the vehicle.
The results of the present model concerning the change in modulus and orientation experienced by the pedestrian, as the vehicles pass by, has a similar appearance to that considered in the European standards. The results obtained are mainly qualitative because of the simplifying assumptions needed to obtain a simple formulation leading to analytical results, except in the case of a vehicle with streamlined front shapes, where quantitative results can be expected.
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