A review of risk factors for hamstring injury in soccer: a biomechanical approach

Navarro Cabello, Enrique and Chorro, David and Torres, Gonzalo and García, Carlos and Navandar, Archit and Veiga Fernandez, Santiago (2015). A review of risk factors for hamstring injury in soccer: a biomechanical approach. "European Journal of Human Movement", v. 34 ; pp. 52-74. ISSN 2386-4095.

Description

Title: A review of risk factors for hamstring injury in soccer: a biomechanical approach
Author/s:
  • Navarro Cabello, Enrique
  • Chorro, David
  • Torres, Gonzalo
  • García, Carlos
  • Navandar, Archit
  • Veiga Fernandez, Santiago
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: European Journal of Human Movement
Date: June 2015
ISSN: 2386-4095
Volume: 34
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: biomecánica deportiva; fútbol; lesión de isquiotibiales; factores de riesgo = sports biomechanics; soccer; hamstring injury; risk factors
Faculty: Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (INEF) (UPM)
Department: Salud y Rendimiento Humano
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

El objetivo de este estudio, ha sido revisar la bibliografía sobre la lesión de isquiotibiales desde un punto de vista biomecánico. METODOLOGÍA. Las bases de datos utilizadas fueron Medline, Scopus y SportsDiscuss. RESULTADOS Y DISCUSIÓN. Muchos estudios prospectivos han demostrado que el principal factor de riesgo es haber tenido la lesión previamente. Sin embargo, las causas primarias de la lesión en fútbol son desconocidas. Una falta de flexibilidad ha sido uno de los principales factores de riesgo pero existen controversias en los resultados de la literatura. Desequilibrio de la fuerza isocinética es un factor de riego pero la participación de cada músculo por separado durante la flexo-extensión de rodilla en fútbol no ha sido considerado en los estudios. Mientras que la sincronización de los músculos lumbopélvicos parece ser clave para entender el riesgo de lesión, no se ha desarrollado investigación al respecto. CONCLUSIONES. Por tanto, son necesarios más estudios prospectivos y nuevos procedimientos como el escaner dinámico, la electromiografía de superficie o el análisis dinámico inverso. El análisis de gestos más específicos del fútbol es necesario. Gestores, entrenadores, preparadores físicos, fisioterapeutas, médicos deportivos e investigadores deberían trabajar juntos para mejorar los sistemas de prevención y de recuperación de la lesión. ---------- ABSTRACT---------- The aim has been to review the literature about the risk factors of hamstring injury in soccer from a biomechanical point of view. METHODOLOGY. Data bases of bibliography references were Medline, Scopus and SportDiscuss. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION. Many prospective studies have shown that the previous injury is the greatest risk factor of sustaining the injury. However the primary causes of the injury are unclear in soccer. A lack of hamstring flexibility has been one of the main injury risk factors with controversies on the results. Imbalance of isokinetic force is a risk factor but electrical coactivation of all muscles participating during knee flexion and extension are unknown in football. While the importance of lumbopelvic-hamstrings muscles synchronization during running seems to be crucial for understanding the risk of injury, no research has been developed in this topic in football. CONCLUSIONS. More research using new data recording procedures as Dynamic Scanners, Surface EMG, Inverse Dynamic Analysis are needed. The analysis of more specific movements as running, kicking or jumping is clearly required. Managers, coaches, physical trainers, physiotherapists, sport physicians and researchers should work together in order to improve the injury prevention and rehabilitation programs of football players.

More information

Item ID: 40176
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/40176/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:40176
Official URL: http://www.eurjhm.com/index.php/eurjhm/article/view/353
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 21 Jul 2016 09:01
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2019 15:27
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