Water stress thresholds for regulated deficit irrigation in pistachio trees

Memmi, Houssem; Gijón López, María del Carmen; Couceiro, J. F. y Pérez López, David (2016). Water stress thresholds for regulated deficit irrigation in pistachio trees. "Agricultural Water Management" (n. 164); pp. 58-72. ISSN 0378-3774.

Descripción

Título: Water stress thresholds for regulated deficit irrigation in pistachio trees
Autor/es:
  • Memmi, Houssem
  • Gijón López, María del Carmen
  • Couceiro, J. F.
  • Pérez López, David
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Agricultural Water Management
Fecha: Enero 2016
Materias:
Escuela: E.U.I.T. Agrícolas (UPM)
Departamento: Producción Agraria
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

The response of "Kerman" pistachio trees budded on three different rootstocks (Pistacia terebinthus, Pista-cia atlantica and Pistacia integerrima) to regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) in shallow soils was studied for3 years. The trees were either fully irrigated (C treatment) or subjected to deficit irrigation during Stage IIof fruit growth with two water stress thresholds (T1 and T2). The irrigation scheduling for fully-irrigatedtrees and water-stressed trees was managed by means of midday stem water potential (?stem) measure-ments. The use of direct measurements of the water status allowed estimating accurately the irrigationrequirements for pistachio trees, with water reductions ranging from 46 to 205 mm in fully-irrigatedtrees. The combination of the ?stemuse and the RDI regime saved 43?70% in T1 and 48?73% in T2 ofwater compared to the calculated crop evapotranspiration (ETc) for fully irrigated treatment (C).Deficit irrigation during Stage II significantly reduced the vegetative growth of the trees. Yield and fruitquality were not affected by any irrigation regime, except during the first year of the study. Thus, theresults indicate that full irrigation scheduling and RDI can be achieved successfully using ?stemtool onpistachio trees growing in shallow soils. A ?stemthreshold of ?1.5 MPa during stage II (T1) was suggestedfor RDI scheduling, as it did not reduce the yield or the production value. However a ?stemthresholdof ?2.0 MPa (T2) resulted in a significant reduction and an extensive delay in the recovery of stomatalconductance (gl),with negative effects on long-term pistachio production.P. integerrima showed a weaker capacity of adaptation to the study conditions compared to P. atlanticaand P. terebinthus, having a tendency to get more stressed and to produce a lower quality crop.

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ID de Registro: 40715
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/40715/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:40715
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 06 Jul 2016 12:12
Ultima Modificación: 06 Jul 2016 12:12
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