Treatment of tropical forages with exogenous fibrolytiic enzymes: effects on chemical composition and in vitro rumen fermentation

Díaz, A.; Ranilla, J. M.; Giraldo, L. A.; Tejido, M. L. y Carro Travieso, María Dolores (2015). Treatment of tropical forages with exogenous fibrolytiic enzymes: effects on chemical composition and in vitro rumen fermentation. "Journal of Animal Physiology And Animal Nutrition", v. 99 (n. 2); pp. 345-355. ISSN 0931-2439. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpn.12175.

Descripción

Título: Treatment of tropical forages with exogenous fibrolytiic enzymes: effects on chemical composition and in vitro rumen fermentation
Autor/es:
  • Díaz, A.
  • Ranilla, J. M.
  • Giraldo, L. A.
  • Tejido, M. L.
  • Carro Travieso, María Dolores
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Journal of Animal Physiology And Animal Nutrition
Fecha: Abril 2015
Volumen: 99
Materias:
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Agrónomos (UPM) [antigua denominación]
Departamento: Producción Agraria
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

The effects of three treatments of fibrolytic enzymes (cellulase from Trichoderma longibrachiatum (CEL), xylanase from rumen micro-organisms (XYL) and a 1:1 mixture of CEL and XYL (MIX) on the in vitro fermentation of two samples of Pennisetum clandestinum (P1 and P2), two samples of Dichanthium aristatum (D1 and D2) and one sample of each Acacia decurrens and Acacia mangium (A1 and A2) were investigated. The first experiment compared the effects of two methods of applying the enzymes to forages, either at the time of incubation or 24 h before, on the in vitro gas production. In general, the 24 h pre-treatment resulted in higher values of gas production rate, and this application method was chosen for a second study investigating the effects of enzymes on chemical composition and in vitro fermentation of forages. The pre-treatment with CEL for 24 h reduced (p < 0.05) the content of neutral detergent fibre (NDF) of P1, P2, D1 and D2, and that of MIX reduced the NDF content of P1 and D1, but XYL had no effect on any forage. The CEL treatment increased (p < 0.05) total volatile fatty acid (VFA) production for all forages (ranging from 8.6% to 22.7%), but in general, no effects of MIX and XYL were observed. For both P. clandestinum samples, CEL treatment reduced (p < 0.05) the molar proportion of acetate and increased (p < 0.05) that of butyrate, but only subtle changes in VFA profile were observed for the rest of forages. Under the conditions of the present experiment, the treatment of tropical forages with CEL stimulated their in vitro ruminal fermentation, but XYL did not produce any positive effect. These results showed clearly that effectiveness of enzymes varied with the incubated forage and further study is warranted to investigate specific, optimal enzyme-substrate combinations.

Más información

ID de Registro: 40965
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/40965/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:40965
Identificador DOI: 10.1111/jpn.12175
URL Oficial: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jpn.12175/abstract
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 15 Jun 2016 15:15
Ultima Modificación: 15 Jun 2016 15:15
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