Comparison of Road Freight Transport Trends in Europe: Results of Input-Output Structural Decomposition Analysis

Alises Pérez, Ana and Vassallo Magro, José Manuel and Aymerich, Mario (2015). Comparison of Road Freight Transport Trends in Europe: Results of Input-Output Structural Decomposition Analysis. In: "Transportation research Board 94th Annual Meetting", January 11-15, 2015, Washington, D.C., Washington. pp. 1-15.

Description

Title: Comparison of Road Freight Transport Trends in Europe: Results of Input-Output Structural Decomposition Analysis
Author/s:
  • Alises Pérez, Ana
  • Vassallo Magro, José Manuel
  • Aymerich, Mario
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: Transportation research Board 94th Annual Meetting
Event Dates: January 11-15, 2015, Washington, D.C.
Event Location: Washington
Title of Book: TRB 94th Annual Meeting
Date: 2015
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Road freight transport, input-output, decoupling, Europe, structural decomposition analysis
Faculty: Centro de Investigación del Transporte (TRANSyT) (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Civil: Transporte y Territorio
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Decoupling road freight transport from economic growth has been acknowledged by the European Union to be a key means to improving sustainability. It is therefore important to identify the drivers that explain road freight transport demand in order to determine the most appropriate policy measures to reduce road transport without curbing economic development. This research uses an Input–Output (IO) structural decomposition analysis (SDA) to explain road freight transport in terms of a set of key variables that have strongly influenced road freight demand in recent decades in European countries. This methodological approach allows us to quantify the contribution of certain factors in each country —such as economic growth, economic structure and the evolution of road freight transport intensity (including improvements in both supply and transport systems) — to road freight transportation. The empirical basis for this analysis is a dataset of nine European countries which have IO tables and road transport data available from 2000 to 2007, comprising data on domestic production, imports and exports as well as tonne-kms for 11 types of commodity classes. The results show that aggregate road transport demand has grown – driven mainly by economic activity– but this growth has been strongly curbed in some countries by changes in road freight transport intensity and moderately by the dematerialization of the economy. As a result, different levels of decoupling can be seen across Europe.

More information

Item ID: 41533
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/41533/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:41533
Official URL: http://www.trb.org/AnnualMeeting2015/AnnualMeeting2015.aspx
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 08 Jun 2017 08:30
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2017 08:30
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