Development of road traffic emission inventories for urban air quality modeling in Madrid (Spain)

Borge García, Rafael and Quaassdorff, Christina Violetta and Pérez Rodríguez, Javier and Paz Martín, David de la and Lumbreras Martin, Julio and Andrés Almeida, Juan Manuel de and Narros Sierra, Adolfo and Rodríguez Hurtado, María Encarnación (2015). Development of road traffic emission inventories for urban air quality modeling in Madrid (Spain). In: "21st International Emission Inventory Conference "Air Quality Challenges: Tackling the Changing Face of Emissions"", April 13-16, 2015, San Diego (EEUU). pp. 1-36.

Description

Title: Development of road traffic emission inventories for urban air quality modeling in Madrid (Spain)
Author/s:
  • Borge García, Rafael
  • Quaassdorff, Christina Violetta
  • Pérez Rodríguez, Javier
  • Paz Martín, David de la
  • Lumbreras Martin, Julio
  • Andrés Almeida, Juan Manuel de
  • Narros Sierra, Adolfo
  • Rodríguez Hurtado, María Encarnación
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Speech)
Event Title: 21st International Emission Inventory Conference "Air Quality Challenges: Tackling the Changing Face of Emissions"
Event Dates: April 13-16, 2015
Event Location: San Diego (EEUU)
Title of Book: Proceedings of the 21st International Emission Inventory Conference - "Air Quality Challenges: Tackling the Changing Face of Emissions"
Date: 2015
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Química Industrial y del Medio Ambiente
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Madrid is one of the many urban agglomerations that are struggling to meet NO2 air quality standards in Europe. According to previous studies, road traffic is responsible for 57% of total NOx emissions in the Madrid metropolitan area and up to 90% of NO2 ambient concentration in the city center. Therefore it is utterly important to compile reliable emission inventories for this sector so specific measures and policies can be designed and assessed. This contribution discusses a field campaign made in Madrid to produce accurate input information as well as the models and methods used to compute emissions in a consistent way. The vehicle fleet characterization study made use of already available resources of the Madrid Municipality (traffic cameras in 55 locations across the city). Information of nearly 5 million plates was captured and crossed with the database of the National Traffic Authority to map vehicles into the 199 categories considered by the COPERT 4 software (EMEP/EEA methodology). Traffic intensities and average speed were provided by the regional traffic-demand model used by the Madrid Municipality. Additional information (traffic signs, detail ed vehicle trajectories, signal lights phases, etc.) was collected to feed a microscale traffic model (VISSIM) needed to generate instantaneous speed and acceleration data for a hot-spot (a heavily-trafficked roundabout). Emissions with resolution of seconds and meters were computed with ENVIVER (emission factors from VERSIT+) for this particular area. The results were aggregated and compared with those from the mesoscale model(COPERT) as a preliminary assessment for this approach.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Madrid Regional GovernmentS2013/MAE-2972TECNAIRE-CMUnspecifiedUnspecified

More information

Item ID: 41894
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/41894/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:41894
Official URL: https://www3.epa.gov/ttn/chief/conference/ei21/index.html
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 18 Jul 2016 09:09
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2017 18:23
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