Life Cycle Assessment of bamboo (guadua angustifolia stems) as building material for structural applications

Ruiz, Diego and San Miguel Alfaro, Guillermo and Corona Bellostas, Blanca and González, Isaac (2015). Life Cycle Assessment of bamboo (guadua angustifolia stems) as building material for structural applications. In: "9th International Conference on the Environmental and Technical Implications of Construction with Alternative Materials, “WASCON 2015-Resource Efficiency in Construction”", 10-12 junio 2015, Santander, España.

Description

Title: Life Cycle Assessment of bamboo (guadua angustifolia stems) as building material for structural applications
Author/s:
  • Ruiz, Diego
  • San Miguel Alfaro, Guillermo
  • Corona Bellostas, Blanca
  • González, Isaac
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: 9th International Conference on the Environmental and Technical Implications of Construction with Alternative Materials, “WASCON 2015-Resource Efficiency in Construction”
Event Dates: 10-12 junio 2015
Event Location: Santander, España
Title of Book: Proceedings of WASCON 2015 - Resource Efficiency in Construction
Date: 2015
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Química Industrial y del Medio Ambiente
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Bamboo products have been proven to be a good altemative to hardwoods in the production of building materials, thus reducing the risk of deforestation primarily in tropical areas. Furthermore, bamboo also benefits from a very fast growing capacity when cultivated under adequate conditions, the ability to grow in non-productive land (e.g. eroded slopes) and the capacity to resprout from its stump due to its resilient root structure. Furthennore, its extensive root network promotes carbon sequestration, facilitates protection against soil erosion and reduces water depletion. Besides, from a social and economic point of view, cultivation and comercial utilization of bamboo materials support local economies in rural areas of developing countries. Bamboo stems have excellent mechanical properties that allow its use as supporting structures replacing conventional construction materials such as hardwood, steel or precast concrete. The environmental benefits of usi ng this material need to be quantified. This paper investigates greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy performance of bamboo stems (guadua angustifolia) produced in Colombia under semi industrial conditions and utilized in Spain. These sustainability indicators are obtained using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology considering the following stages: stem harvesting in sustainably managed plantations, transport to processing plant, preservation/drying, transport to harbor, transport from harbor to harbor (from Colombia to Spain), transport to warehouse and storage. The functional unit considered in this assessment is a 6 meter-long stem, and the scenarios anal yzed include steam diameters 6, lO and 12 cm (weighing 1O, 14 and 17 kg respectively, dry matter basis). The calculations have been performed using Simapro 8 software and applying LCI databases from Ecoinvent v3 and ELCD v3. The environmental impacts associated with the consumption of electricity throughout the production, harvesting, processing and transportation of the bamboo materials have been adapted to the electricity mix in Colombia.

More information

Item ID: 41899
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/41899/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:41899
Official URL: http://wascon2015.geruc.es/
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 21 Jul 2016 09:45
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2016 08:14
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