Improved lignocellulosic biomass yield of RAV1 engineered poplars in a SRC field trial

Moreno Cortes, Alicia; Hernandez Verdeja, Tamara; González Melendi, Pablo; Ramos Sanchez, Jose Manuel; Sánchez Martín, Mario; Guijarro, Mercedes; Rodrígues, José Carlos; Sixto, Hortensia; Cañellas, Isabel y Allona Alberich, Isabel Marta (2015). Improved lignocellulosic biomass yield of RAV1 engineered poplars in a SRC field trial. En: "IUFRO Tree Biotechnology 2015 Conference", 08/06/2015-12/06/2016, Florencia, Italia. p. 1.

Descripción

Título: Improved lignocellulosic biomass yield of RAV1 engineered poplars in a SRC field trial
Autor/es:
  • Moreno Cortes, Alicia
  • Hernandez Verdeja, Tamara
  • González Melendi, Pablo
  • Ramos Sanchez, Jose Manuel
  • Sánchez Martín, Mario
  • Guijarro, Mercedes
  • Rodrígues, José Carlos
  • Sixto, Hortensia
  • Cañellas, Isabel
  • Allona Alberich, Isabel Marta
Tipo de Documento: Ponencia en Congreso o Jornada (Artículo)
Título del Evento: IUFRO Tree Biotechnology 2015 Conference
Fechas del Evento: 08/06/2015-12/06/2016
Lugar del Evento: Florencia, Italia
Título del Libro: Tree Biotechnology 2015 Conference: Forest: the importance to the planet and society
Fecha: 2015
Materias:
Escuela: Centro de Investigación en Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas (CBGP) (UPM)
Departamento: Otro
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Background Plantations of Populus spp, Salix spp. or Eucalyptus spp. are established to produce wood in a reduced space and a short time. Poplars are cultivated with cycles of 15-18 years to obtain saw timber and peeler logs, and when grown for biomass production as short-rotation coppice (SRC), cutting back/coppicing cycles are reduced to 2?5-years intervals. Syllepsis is among the valuable traits that can be targeted to enhance biomass yield of SRCs. Syllepsis, i.e. the outgrowth of lateral buds into branches the same season in which they form without an intervening rest period, increases carbon fixation and allocation in the shoot and hence the general growth of the tree. A high degree of sylleptic branching is known to be positively correlated with biomass yield when these plantations are grown under optimal conditions [1]. In 2012 we established in Madrid (Spain) a SRC field trial with genetically engineered poplars, previously shown to develop sylleptic branches when cultivated in growth chambers, under optimal conditions [2]. The aim of starting up this field trial was to test whether a plastic trait as syllepsis was maintained over time under natural conditions and eventually resulted in an enhanced biomass production Methods In vitro culture rooted cuttings were initially potted in 3.5L containers with blond peat and grown in the greenhouse as previously described [2]. The field trial was established in July 2012 in the experimental plot, and included five groups of hybrid poplar Populus tremula x P. alba INRA clone 717 1B, the wild-type genotype as control, transgenic events #37 and #60 carrying the 35S::3xHA:CsRAV1 cassette (3xHA:CsRAV1 OX), and events #1 and #22 carrying the 35S::PtaRAV1-hpiRNA cassette (PtaRAV1&2 KD). 30 individuals per group were planted into three blocks of 10 plants each. The experimental plot area was 204 m2 , and the plantation density 10000 trees/ha. It consisted of 12 x 17 rows with a tree spacing 2 x 0.5 m. The border rows were occupied by P. x euramericana clone I-214 individuals, planted as 25 cm-long cuttings. Irrigation and weed/pests control were applied, and the first coppicing cycle was done after the second growing season [3]. Several productivity determinants (stem height and diameter, syllepsis and phenology) were monitored, wood anatomy and chemistry analyzed, and aerial biomass yield and calorific value determined. Results and Conclusions CsRAV1 over-expressing event #60 showed an advantageous performance in the field regarding stem diameter and biomass production after the first coppicing cycle. In this event, sylleptic branches grew from the main shoot during the first growing seasons, after the plantation establishment and after coppicing. None of the other traits under study such as phenology, wood anatomy and chemistry were noticeably altered when compared to the wild type genotype. These results show that in woody species RAV1 is a highly valuable target gene that can be used as biotechnological tool to enhance biomass yield of poplar SRC plantations without detrimental side-effects in tree development and characteristics.

Más información

ID de Registro: 42206
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/42206/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:42206
URL Oficial: http://www.iufro.org/publications/proceedings/proceedings-meetings-2015/#c23099
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 28 Oct 2016 12:38
Ultima Modificación: 28 Oct 2016 12:38
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