Chestnut and poplar RAV genes in tree seasonal dormancy

Hernandez Verdeja, Tamara and Moreno Cortes, Alicia and Gomez Porras, Judith Lucia and Dervinis, Chris and Franco Zorrilla, José Manuel and Kirst, Matias and Allona Alberich, Isabel Marta (2015). Chestnut and poplar RAV genes in tree seasonal dormancy. In: "IUFRO Tree Biotechnology 2015 Conference", 08/06/2015-12/06/2016, Florencia, Italia. p. 1.

Description

Title: Chestnut and poplar RAV genes in tree seasonal dormancy
Author/s:
  • Hernandez Verdeja, Tamara
  • Moreno Cortes, Alicia
  • Gomez Porras, Judith Lucia
  • Dervinis, Chris
  • Franco Zorrilla, José Manuel
  • Kirst, Matias
  • Allona Alberich, Isabel Marta
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: IUFRO Tree Biotechnology 2015 Conference
Event Dates: 08/06/2015-12/06/2016
Event Location: Florencia, Italia
Title of Book: Tree Biotechnology 2015 Conference: Forest: the importance to the planet and society
Date: 2015
Subjects:
Faculty: Centro de Investigación en Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas (CBGP) (UPM)
Department: Otro
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Plants from temperate regions adapt to changing environmental conditions along the year. Trees have evolved mechanisms that allow them to monitor and anticipate the seasons, and cycle between growth and winter dormancy states. Dormancy is initiated by shortening of photoperiod, and afterwards, as a result of a drop in temperature, trees reach a state of endodormancy, the inability of resume growth in response to inductive conditions. Chilling requirement needs to be fulfilled in order to release from endodormancy and gain the ability to resume growth in response to good conditions. The signalling networks that regulate dormancy in perennials are poorly understood. We had previously shown that CsRAV1, a chestnut homolog of Arabidopsis TEM1 and TEM2, induced sylleptic branching in poplar [1]. In this work we characterize the role of chestnut and poplar RAV genes in dormancy. The expression profile of CsRAV1, PtaRAV1 and PtaRAV2 along the year showed that all three genes were induced during winter and maintained high expression levels until early spring. These data suggested that CsRAV1, PatRAV1 and PtaRAV2 were involved in the regulation of winter dormancy in trees. To test this hypothesis we have used over-expressing CsRAV1, and knock-down PtaRAV1 and PtaRAV2 transgenic poplars. The phenology of the transgenic lines will be discussed. It has been reported that Arabidopsis TEM1 binds to the FT promoter. An in silico screening of TEM1 DNA recognition sites in the promoter region of the Populus trichocarpa homologous FT genes revealed that the RAV1 motif was not conserved. Moreover, the over-expression of CsRAV1 in Arabidopsis did not phenocopy the over-expression of AtTEM1 and AtTEM2, suggesting a functional divergence of RAV family members. To gain insight on the molecular function of tree RAV genes, we performed a transcriptomic analysis with RNA from the poplar transgenic lines, and protein-binding microarrays to identify the cis-acting elements for CsRAV1, PtaRAV1 and PtaRAV2. The identification of the binding elements and their occurrence in the genes differentially expressed will be presented. In conclusion, our study reveals a possible function of RAV transcriptional regulators in the control of winter dormancy in trees.

More information

Item ID: 42234
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/42234/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:42234
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 28 Oct 2016 12:14
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2016 17:23
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