Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal activity responses to winter cover crops in a sunflower and maize cropping system

García González, Irene and Quemada Saenz-Badillos, Miguel and Gabriel Pérez, José Luis and Hontoria Fernández, Chiquinquirá (2016). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal activity responses to winter cover crops in a sunflower and maize cropping system. "Applied Soil Ecology", v. 102 ; pp. 10-18. ISSN 09291393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2016.02.006.

Description

Title: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal activity responses to winter cover crops in a sunflower and maize cropping system
Author/s:
  • García González, Irene
  • Quemada Saenz-Badillos, Miguel
  • Gabriel Pérez, José Luis
  • Hontoria Fernández, Chiquinquirá
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Applied Soil Ecology
Date: 12 February 2016
ISSN: 09291393
Volume: 102
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S. de Ingeniería Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas (UPM)
Department: Producción Agraria
UPM's Research Group: Calidad de Suelos y Aplicaciones medioambientales
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - Non commercial - Share

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Abstract

The symbiosis between plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) benefits the health, nutrition and abiotic stress tolerance of the host plant. The maintenance of potential AMF inoculum in the winter is important because it will affect the colonization process in the subsequent crop. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of winter cover crops (CC) on AMF parameters (root colonization, length of hyphae and number of AMF spores), other variables indirectly related to AMF (the easily extractable glomalin-related soil protein (EE-GRSP) and the enzymatic activity of b-glucosaminidase), along with water-stable aggregates (WSA) as a soil quality indicator. In addition, the effect of two sampling dates on the variables in maize and the relationships among all of the variables were studied. The samples were obtained from a field experiment established in 2006 located in Aranjuez (Central Spain) under a Mediterranean semiarid climate. The treatments were winter cover crops of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) or vetch (Vicia villosa L.) and fallow as a control. The study covered two seasons in 2011–12 and 2012–13 with sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) and maize (Zea mays L.) as the main crop, respectively, with both sown in the spring. The main crops were irrigated according to the crop demand. Compared with the bare fallow conditions, cover crops improved most of the variables, maintaining the benefits of CC on AMF under the semiarid conditions of the Mediterranean climate. Barley as a cover crop gave the best results, whereas the performance of vetch was poorer. In sunflower, barley increased by 80% the hyphae length and b-glucosaminidase activity and by 30% other variables compared with the fallow; whereas in maize, 60–70% increments were found in AMF spores and the hyphae length and 2-fold in the enzyme activity. The sampling date affected all of the variables analyzed in the maize crop, except for the EE-GRSP and the WSA. Positive relationships were found between the variables directly related to AMF, EE-GRSP content and b-glucosaminidase activity. This suggests that the variables indirectly related to AMF, mainly the EE-GRSP, could be used as indicators of AMF. Finally, the enhancement of soil aggregate stability by the CC via AMF promotion was corroborated.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainAGL2011-24732UnspecifiedUnspecifiedIntroducción de cultivos cubierta en sistemas de regadío: efecto nitrógeno, balance hídrico y calidad del suelo
Madrid Regional GovernmentS2013/AB1-2717AGRISOSTUnspecifiedSistemas agrarios sostenibles. Manejo de carbono, nitrógeno y agua para optimizar producción y calidad
Government of SpainIJCI-2014-20175UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

More information

Item ID: 42324
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/42324/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:42324
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2016.02.006
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2016.02.006
Deposited by: Jose Luis Gabriel
Deposited on: 12 Jul 2016 07:21
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2019 14:44
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