No tillage and sugar beet foam amendment enhanced micobial activity of degraded acidic soils in South West Spain

León, Paloma and Espejo, R. and Gómez Paccard, Clara and Hontoria Fernández, Chiquinquirá and Mariscal Sancho, Ignacio de Loyola and Renella, Giancarlo and Benito Capa, Marta (2017). No tillage and sugar beet foam amendment enhanced micobial activity of degraded acidic soils in South West Spain. "Applied Soil Ecology", v. 109 ; pp. 69-74. ISSN 0929-1393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2016.09.012.

Description

Title: No tillage and sugar beet foam amendment enhanced micobial activity of degraded acidic soils in South West Spain
Author/s:
  • León, Paloma
  • Espejo, R.
  • Gómez Paccard, Clara
  • Hontoria Fernández, Chiquinquirá
  • Mariscal Sancho, Ignacio de Loyola
  • Renella, Giancarlo
  • Benito Capa, Marta
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Applied Soil Ecology
Date: January 2017
ISSN: 0929-1393
Volume: 109
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Agrónomos (UPM) [antigua denominación]
Department: Producción Agraria
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Ca-amendments are commonly applied to improve acid soils, whilst no-tillage (NT) has been widely recommended in soils where conventional tillage (CT) has led to losses of organic matter. However, the potential interactions between the two treatments are only partially known. Our study was conducted on a degraded soil located in SW Spain, in order to assess if the combination of Ca-amendment plus crop-tillage provides long term soil amelioration on microbial activity. To this end the effects of four different combinations of Ca-amendment and crop-tillage on selected key soil microbial properties were analyzed. The experimental design was a split-plot with four replicates. The main factor was the application or not of a Ca-amendment, sugar foam (SF) and control (C), and the second factor was crop-tillage, no tilled improved pasture (no tilled-IP) and conventional tillage forage crop (tilled-FC). Soil samples were collected from 2 soil depths after 7 years since the first SF application and after 1 year from a repeated SF application. The use of the Ca-amendment meant a higher pH although this effect was not found in the combination Ca-amendment plus no-tilled. Total organic carbon (TOC) was highly influenced by tillage, being higher for no tilled plots. The interaction found between tillage and amendment suggested that the beneficial effect of the Ca-amendment on organic carbon is lost after tillage practices. A positive effect on microbial biomass carbon (MBC) was found after a second SF application for the no tilled plots in the upper layer however the effect was opposite in the deepest layer where no differences in TOC were found. After a year from a repeated SF application, a clear positive effect of no-tilled was observed on β-glucosidase, β-glucosaminidase and urease activities at the superficial layer. This fact was not found in these enzymatic activities when the amendment application effect was studied but an interaction between tillage and amendment showed that the Ca-amendment plus no-tilled combination was the most favorable option to increase the activities of these enzymes. Values of dehydrogenase were higher in amended plots than in control for both soil depths regardless of the sampling date, showing a pH effect on its activity. From our findings, no tillage plus a Ca-amendment appears to be the most suitable choice for ensuring suitable production, through the accumulation of soil organic matter (SOM) and the improvement of biological properties.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainCGL-2008-04361-C02-01UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Government of SpainAGL-2012-39498UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Madrid Regional GovernmentS2009/AGR-1630AGRISOSTUnspecifiedUnspecified

More information

Item ID: 43859
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/43859/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:43859
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2016.09.012
Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0929139316303420
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 16 Nov 2016 16:09
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2019 13:04
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