Accessibility and transport infrastructure improvement assessment: the role of borders and multilateral resistance

Salas Olmedo, María Henar; García Alonso, Patricia y Gutiérrez Puebla, Javier (2015). Accessibility and transport infrastructure improvement assessment: the role of borders and multilateral resistance. "Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice", v. 82 ; pp. 110-129. ISSN 0965-8564. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2015.09.009.

Descripción

Título: Accessibility and transport infrastructure improvement assessment: the role of borders and multilateral resistance
Autor/es:
  • Salas Olmedo, María Henar
  • García Alonso, Patricia
  • Gutiérrez Puebla, Javier
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice
Fecha: Diciembre 2015
Volumen: 82
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: Accessibility; Transport infrastructure impacts; Border effect; Spatial Multilateral Resistance European Union
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Departamento: Otro
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

The market potential indicator is a commonly used tool in transport planning for evaluating the potential economic effects derived from improvements in transport infrastructures. The general assumption is that exports from a given region will rise with increased accessibility, thus benefiting economic activities. However, the specification of the market potential model is typically very simple and ignores both the impact of competing rivals and the role of international borders, which leads to unrealistic results. Spatial interaction models on bilateral trade have already proved that international trade is affected by multilateral resistance, borders, adjacency, language or currency. Nevertheless, apart from some recent analyses that simply calibrate the distance decay parameter from trade datasets, these variables have hardly been integrated into research on market potential. This paper sets out to demonstrate that more realistic results are obtained by calibrating the distance-decay parameter and introducing the impact of competing rivals and border effects into the market potential formulation. The proposed model is then applied to the assessment of the accessibility impacts of new road transport infrastructure in the European Union between 2001 and 2012, which shows that the greatest improvements in accessibility were experienced by peripheral countries with high road infrastructure investment.

Proyectos asociados

TipoCódigoAcrónimoResponsableTítulo
Gobierno de EspañaTRA2011-27095SPILL-TRANSJavier Gutiérrez PueblaEfectos spillover de las infraestructuras de transporte

Más información

ID de Registro: 43868
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/43868/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:43868
Identificador DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2015.09.009
URL Oficial: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0965856415002426
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 08 May 2017 12:56
Ultima Modificación: 01 Ene 2018 23:30
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