Effects of built environment on walking at the neighbourhood scale. A new role for street networks by modelling their configurational accessibility?

Lamíquiz, Patxi y Lopez Dominguez, Jorge (2015). Effects of built environment on walking at the neighbourhood scale. A new role for street networks by modelling their configurational accessibility?. "Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice", v. 74 ; pp. 148-163. ISSN 0965-8564. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2015.02.003.

Descripción

Título: Effects of built environment on walking at the neighbourhood scale. A new role for street networks by modelling their configurational accessibility?
Autor/es:
  • Lamíquiz, Patxi
  • Lopez Dominguez, Jorge
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice
Fecha: Abril 2015
Volumen: 74
Materias:
Escuela: E.T.S. de Ingeniería Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas (UPM)
Departamento: Matemática Aplicada
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

The hypothesis of this paper is that some features of the built environment, particularly those concerned with the accessibility of the street network, could be associated with the proportion of pedestrians on all trips (modal split) found in different parts of a city. Quantitative analysis (bi-variate correlation and a multiple regression model) was used to establish the association between variables. The study area covered a substantial part of the metropolitan area in Madrid, Spain. Results showed a consistent influence of five particular indexes in the multi-variate model. Not surprisingly for this kind of research, four of them described density and mix of land uses. But perhaps more interestingly, the first one was a measure of the accessibility of the public space network, a less prominent variable in literature to date. This variable is called herein configurational accessibility, calculated using Space Syntax, an urban morphology theory. The relevance of configurational accessibility is probably related to its surprising ability to synthesize global and perceived properties of street networks at the same time. The findings introduce the idea that the configuration of the urban grid can influence the proportion of pedestrians (as a part of total trips in any transport mode) who choose to walk on single-journey trips. The discussion links with the current debate about walkability indexes and the need of empirical support for the chosen variables and also with transport planning. Because the relevance of the street network?s role is not so easy to grasp, inputs from configurational theory and the pedestrian potential underlying this fact are also discussed at the end of the paper.

Más información

ID de Registro: 44975
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/44975/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:44975
Identificador DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2015.02.003
URL Oficial: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0965856415000208
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 31 Mar 2017 15:38
Ultima Modificación: 01 May 2018 22:30
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