Aparicio Ambros, Mario; Mosa Ruiz, Jadra; Chinarro Martin, Eva; Moreno Burriel, Berta; Garcia Escribano, Maria Pilar; Rio Bueno, Carmen del; Morales Bergas, Enrique; Leo Mena, Teresa de Jesus; Carrillo Ramiro, Isabel; Mora Peña, Eleuterio; Navarro Arevalo, Emilio; Maellas Benito, Jesus; Gonzalez Lopez, Eduardo; Garcia Gonzalo, Carmen; Argumosa Martinez, Pilar y Raso García, Miguel Ángel
New direct alcohol and hydrogen fuel cells for naval and aeronautical applications (PILCONAER).
En: "5th European PEFC and H2 Forum", 30/06/2015-03/07/2015, Lucerne, Switzerland. ISBN 978-3-905592-19-1. p. 1.
In the current context of demand for reliable, low cost and low environmental impact energy sources, many countries and companies are mostly focused on fuel cells (FC) in fields as transportation and stationary power generation and portable devices. Lately, FCs have begun to be applied in naval and aeronautical systems due to its high efficiency, low noise and environmental advantages. These applications could range from propulsion systems to auxiliary power units(APU). The main problems associated with the use of FCs in these areas are the current high cost due to the materials used, i.e. Nafion and Pt, the lack of durability testing in these specific conditions, security issues to flammability and high H2 pressures and low availability as a fuel, or the toxicity of methanol used as a fuel, and specific parameters such as weight in aircraft applications and volume in marine applications. Currently it is working on each of these issues, and at this point the ethanol
as direct fuel is considered crucial. The use of ethanol as fuel has the advantage of easy transportation, storage and refueling, and is nontoxic. Bioethanol is a promising energy source, produced from raw materials containing sugar or starch. These raw materials exists in all parts of the world and is renewable, which involves the use of local energy sources contributing to the diversification of energy supply, reducing import dependence, increasing security of supply and generating new opportunities for agriculture. The main objective of the project is the development of low
power stacks (stacks) fed with methanol (DMFC)and ethanol (DEFC) based on the development of new catalysts and membranes. PILCONAER aims contributing to the development of a sustainable use technology, further commitment to the restoration of the natural environment and biodiversity conservation.