New direct alcohol and hydrogen fuel cells for naval and aeronautical applications (PILCONAER)

Aparicio Ambros, Mario and Mosa Ruiz, Jadra and Chinarro Martin, Eva and Moreno Burriel, Berta and Garcia Escribano, Maria Pilar and Rio Bueno, Carmen del and Morales Bergas, Enrique and Leo Mena, Teresa de Jesus and Carrillo Ramiro, Isabel and Mora Peña, Eleuterio and Navarro Arevalo, Emilio and Maellas Benito, Jesus and Gonzalez Lopez, Eduardo and Garcia Gonzalo, Carmen and Argumosa Martinez, Pilar and Raso García, Miguel Ángel (2015). New direct alcohol and hydrogen fuel cells for naval and aeronautical applications (PILCONAER). In: "5th European PEFC and H2 Forum", 30/06/2015-03/07/2015, Lucerne, Switzerland. ISBN 978-3-905592-19-1. p. 1.

Description

Title: New direct alcohol and hydrogen fuel cells for naval and aeronautical applications (PILCONAER)
Author/s:
  • Aparicio Ambros, Mario
  • Mosa Ruiz, Jadra
  • Chinarro Martin, Eva
  • Moreno Burriel, Berta
  • Garcia Escribano, Maria Pilar
  • Rio Bueno, Carmen del
  • Morales Bergas, Enrique
  • Leo Mena, Teresa de Jesus
  • Carrillo Ramiro, Isabel
  • Mora Peña, Eleuterio
  • Navarro Arevalo, Emilio
  • Maellas Benito, Jesus
  • Gonzalez Lopez, Eduardo
  • Garcia Gonzalo, Carmen
  • Argumosa Martinez, Pilar
  • Raso García, Miguel Ángel
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Poster)
Event Title: 5th European PEFC and H2 Forum
Event Dates: 30/06/2015-03/07/2015
Event Location: Lucerne, Switzerland
Title of Book: 5th European PEFC and H2 Forum 2015
Date: 2015
ISBN: 978-3-905592-19-1
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Navales (UPM)
Department: Arquitectura, Construcción y Sistemas Oceánicos y Navales (Dacson)
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

In the current context of demand for reliable, low cost and low environmental impact energy sources, many countries and companies are mostly focused on fuel cells (FC) in fields as transportation and stationary power generation and portable devices. Lately, FCs have begun to be applied in naval and aeronautical systems due to its high efficiency, low noise and environmental advantages. These applications could range from propulsion systems to auxiliary power units(APU). The main problems associated with the use of FCs in these areas are the current high cost due to the materials used, i.e. Nafion and Pt, the lack of durability testing in these specific conditions, security issues to flammability and high H2 pressures and low availability as a fuel, or the toxicity of methanol used as a fuel, and specific parameters such as weight in aircraft applications and volume in marine applications. Currently it is working on each of these issues, and at this point the ethanol as direct fuel is considered crucial. The use of ethanol as fuel has the advantage of easy transportation, storage and refueling, and is nontoxic. Bioethanol is a promising energy source, produced from raw materials containing sugar or starch. These raw materials exists in all parts of the world and is renewable, which involves the use of local energy sources contributing to the diversification of energy supply, reducing import dependence, increasing security of supply and generating new opportunities for agriculture. The main objective of the project is the development of low power stacks (stacks) fed with methanol (DMFC)and ethanol (DEFC) based on the development of new catalysts and membranes. PILCONAER aims contributing to the development of a sustainable use technology, further commitment to the restoration of the natural environment and biodiversity conservation.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Madrid Regional GovernmentS2013/MAE-2975PILCONAERMario AparicioNuevas pilas de combustible de alcohol directo y de hidrógeno para aplicaciones navales y aeronáuticas (PILCONAER)

More information

Item ID: 45049
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/45049/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:45049
Official URL: http://www.efcf.com/fileadmin/EFCF-Pict-Logo/EFCF%202015/05_ChairProceedings/EFCF-2015_ConferenceAgenda_all_def.pdf
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 27 Mar 2017 10:57
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2017 11:40
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