Modelling land use and transport policies to measure their contribution to urban challenges: the case of Madrid.

Alonso Ramos, Andrea; Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés y Wang, Yang (2017). Modelling land use and transport policies to measure their contribution to urban challenges: the case of Madrid.. "Sustainability", v. 9 (n. 3); pp. 1-28. ISSN 2071-1050. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9030378.

Descripción

Título: Modelling land use and transport policies to measure their contribution to urban challenges: the case of Madrid.
Autor/es:
  • Alonso Ramos, Andrea
  • Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés
  • Wang, Yang
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Sustainability
Fecha: Marzo 2017
Volumen: 9
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: Land use and transport model; policy assessment; city challenges; teleworking; cordon toll; re-densification
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Transporte y Territorio
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Urban areas play a key role in the development of European territories, and it is essential for them to be sustainable and efficient. However, the European cities are facing some challenges related to certain trends that are threatening their sustainable development and operational efficiency. In this paper, we compare the contribution of three policy measures—cordon toll accompanied by public transport improvements, teleworking and re-densification—to address different city challenges. The policy assessment requires a long term simulation tool, i.e., the MARS (Metropolitan Activity Relocation Simulator) model, which is able to consider interactions between land use and transport systems. The simulations of the different policy scenarios were carried out for the case of Madrid in the period 2012–2031. The contribution of the policy measures to address the city challenges was measured through different indicators. The results indicated that the three policy measures contributed to the time efficiency challenge, by saving time for the commute, reducing congestion and improving the traffic flows at peak hours. The most effective policy in this regard is the teleworking measure. Another challenge addressed by the three policies was the accessibility to PT. The three policy scenarios, when simulated, showed higher PT use, especially the cordon toll scenario. However, the only policy that really contributed to the energy, emissions and pollution city challenges was the re-densification measure, which reduced travel distances and encouraged a mobility that relies more on PT and slow modes.

Proyectos asociados

TipoCódigoAcrónimoResponsableTítulo
FP7611307INSIGHTIris GallosoInnovative policy modelling and governance tools for sustainable post-crisis urban development

Más información

ID de Registro: 45181
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/45181/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:45181
Identificador DOI: 10.3390/su9030378
URL Oficial: http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/9/3/378
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 22 Mar 2017 15:57
Ultima Modificación: 22 Mar 2017 15:57
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