Urban Heat Island and Vulnerable Population. The Case of Madrid

Sánchez-Guevara Sánchez, Carmen and Núñez Peiró, Miguel and Neila Gonzalez, Francisco Javier (2017). Urban Heat Island and Vulnerable Population. The Case of Madrid. In: "Sustainable Development and Renovation in Architecture, Urbanism and Engineering". Springer International Publising, pp. 3-13. ISBN 978-3-319-51441-3. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51442-0_1.

Description

Title: Urban Heat Island and Vulnerable Population. The Case of Madrid
Author/s:
  • Sánchez-Guevara Sánchez, Carmen
  • Núñez Peiró, Miguel
  • Neila Gonzalez, Francisco Javier
Editor/s:
  • Mercader-Moyano, Pilar
Item Type: Book Section
Title of Book: Sustainable Development and Renovation in Architecture, Urbanism and Engineering
Date: 2017
ISBN: 978-3-319-51441-3
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Urban Heat Island; Urban Indicators; Vulnerable Population; Heat Wave; Fuel Poverty
Faculty: E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM)
Department: Construcción y Tecnología Arquitectónica
UPM's Research Group: Arquitectura Bioclimática en un entorno sostenible ABIO
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

The Urban Heat Island effect shows the differences among temperatures in urban areas and the surrounding rural ones. Previous studies have demonstrated that temperature differences could be up to 8 °C during the hottest periods of summer in Madrid , and that it varies according to the urban structure. Associated to this effect, the impact of temperature increase over dwelling indoor thermal comfort seems to double cooling energy demand . In Madrid, fuel poor households already suffering from inadequate indoor temperatures can face important overheating problems and, as a consequence, relevant health problems could become more frequent and stronger. This poses an increment in mortality rates in risk groups that should be evaluated. This research is aimed at establishing the geospatial connection between the urban heat island and the most vulnerable population living in the city of Madrid. Hence, those areas most in need for an urban intervention can be detected and prioritized.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainBIA2013-41732-RMODIFICAFrancisco Javier Neila GonzálezModelo predictivo del comportamiento energético de edificios de viviendas bajo condiciones de isla de calor urbana.

More information

Item ID: 45374
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/45374/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:45374
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-51442-0_1
Official URL: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-51442-0_1
Deposited by: Miguel Núñez Peiró
Deposited on: 31 Mar 2017 10:50
Last Modified: 26 May 2017 09:43
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