Intercomparison of methods to estimate black carbon emissions from cookstoves

Sota Sández, Candela de la; Kane, Moustapha; Mazorra Aguiar, Javier; Lumbreras Martin, Julio; Youm, Issakha y Viana, Mar (2017). Intercomparison of methods to estimate black carbon emissions from cookstoves. "Science of the Total Environment", v. 595 ; pp. 886-893. ISSN 0048-9697. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.03.247.

Descripción

Título: Intercomparison of methods to estimate black carbon emissions from cookstoves
Autor/es:
  • Sota Sández, Candela de la
  • Kane, Moustapha
  • Mazorra Aguiar, Javier
  • Lumbreras Martin, Julio
  • Youm, Issakha
  • Viana, Mar
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Science of the Total Environment
Fecha: 1 Octubre 2017
Volumen: 595
Materias:
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Departamento: Ingeniería Química Industrial y del Medio Ambiente
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Black carbon is the second largest contributor to climate change and also poses risks to human health. Despite the need for black carbon (BC) emissions estimates from residential biomass burning for cooking, quantitative data are still scarce. This scarcity is mainly due to the scattered location of the stoves, as well as relatively costly and complex analytical methods available. Two low cost and easy-to-use optical methods, a cell-phone based system and smoke stain reflectometry, where compared to elemental carbon (EC) concentrations by the Sunset OCEC Analyzer (TOT). The three techniques were challenged with different aerosol types (urban and biomass cookstoves), and different filter substrates (quartz and glass fibre). A good agreement was observed between the two low cost techniques and the reference system for the aerosol types and concentrations assessed, although the relationship was statistically different for each type of aerosol. The quantification of correction factors with respect to the reference method for the specific conditions under study is essential with either of the low-cost techniques. BC measurements from the cell-phone system and the reflectometer were moderately affected by the filter substrate. The easy use of the cell-phone based system may allow engaging cookstove users in the data collection process, increasing the amount and frequency of data collection which may, otherwise, not be feasible in resourced constrained locations. This would help to raise public awareness about environmental and health issues related to cookstoves.

Más información

ID de Registro: 45741
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/45741/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:45741
Identificador DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.03.247
URL Oficial: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969717307787
Depositado por: Candela de la Sota Sandez
Depositado el: 07 May 2017 08:17
Ultima Modificación: 15 Jun 2017 06:38
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