Influence of headlamp lighting parameters on nighttime sight distance

Santos Berbel, César de; Castro Malpica, María y Iglesias Martínez, Luis (2016). Influence of headlamp lighting parameters on nighttime sight distance. En: "International Conference on Traffic and Transport Engineering (ICTTE Belgrade 2016)", 24/11/2016-25/11/2016, Belgrado, Serbia. ISBN 978-86-916153-3-8. pp. 88-94.

Descripción

Título: Influence of headlamp lighting parameters on nighttime sight distance
Autor/es:
  • Santos Berbel, César de
  • Castro Malpica, María
  • Iglesias Martínez, Luis
Tipo de Documento: Ponencia en Congreso o Jornada (Artículo)
Título del Evento: International Conference on Traffic and Transport Engineering (ICTTE Belgrade 2016)
Fechas del Evento: 24/11/2016-25/11/2016
Lugar del Evento: Belgrado, Serbia
Título del Libro: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Traffic and Transport Engineering
Fecha: 2016
ISBN: 978-86-916153-3-8
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: Road safety; nighttime sight distance; headlamp.
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Transporte y Territorio
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Despite the higher accident rates during night driving compared to those in daylight, little research has been conducted on nighttime highway safety. Nighttime sight distance is one of the most relevant factors in night driving. Current design guides provide two dimensional models to study nighttime sight distance in order to design sag vertical curves. These models may, nonetheless, underestimate or overestimate the available sight distance because they do not take account of possible combinations with hor izontal alignment nor the actual roadside obstructions. It is therefore necessary to develop a three-dimensional (3D) procedure capable of analyzing the available sight distance under nighttime conditions. This way, it is possible to set the basis of nighttime driving safety research. Thus the study of nighttime sight distance could help in determining whether highway geometric design or headlamp features may influence accident-prone locations. The aim of this study is to analyze the influence of the headlamp lighting parameters on real highways and compare the nighttime sight distance outcome to that in daylight. A GIS-based application for sightdistance studies with a specific tool for nighttime sight distance has been used. The headlamp parameters studied were beam range, headlamp height, upward divergence angle and horizontal spread angle. The analysis has been carried out on different real highways, which enabled the study of the influence of each parameter on different 3D alignments.

Proyectos asociados

TipoCódigoAcrónimoResponsableTítulo
Gobierno de EspañaTRA2015-63579-RSin especificarMaría Castro MalpicaNuevas tecnologías geoespaciales para estudios de seguridad vial

Más información

ID de Registro: 45846
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/45846/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:45846
URL Oficial: http://ijtte.com/uploads/news_files/ICTTE%20Belgrade%202016_Proceedings.pdf
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 07 Jun 2017 12:30
Ultima Modificación: 07 Jun 2017 12:30
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