Influence of headlamp lighting parameters on nighttime sight distance

Santos Berbel, César de and Castro Malpica, María and Iglesias Martínez, Luis (2016). Influence of headlamp lighting parameters on nighttime sight distance. In: "International Conference on Traffic and Transport Engineering (ICTTE Belgrade 2016)", 24/11/2016-25/11/2016, Belgrado, Serbia. ISBN 978-86-916153-3-8. pp. 88-94.

Description

Title: Influence of headlamp lighting parameters on nighttime sight distance
Author/s:
  • Santos Berbel, César de
  • Castro Malpica, María
  • Iglesias Martínez, Luis
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: International Conference on Traffic and Transport Engineering (ICTTE Belgrade 2016)
Event Dates: 24/11/2016-25/11/2016
Event Location: Belgrado, Serbia
Title of Book: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Traffic and Transport Engineering
Date: 2016
ISBN: 978-86-916153-3-8
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Road safety; nighttime sight distance; headlamp.
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Civil: Transporte y Territorio
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Despite the higher accident rates during night driving compared to those in daylight, little research has been conducted on nighttime highway safety. Nighttime sight distance is one of the most relevant factors in night driving. Current design guides provide two dimensional models to study nighttime sight distance in order to design sag vertical curves. These models may, nonetheless, underestimate or overestimate the available sight distance because they do not take account of possible combinations with hor izontal alignment nor the actual roadside obstructions. It is therefore necessary to develop a three-dimensional (3D) procedure capable of analyzing the available sight distance under nighttime conditions. This way, it is possible to set the basis of nighttime driving safety research. Thus the study of nighttime sight distance could help in determining whether highway geometric design or headlamp features may influence accident-prone locations. The aim of this study is to analyze the influence of the headlamp lighting parameters on real highways and compare the nighttime sight distance outcome to that in daylight. A GIS-based application for sightdistance studies with a specific tool for nighttime sight distance has been used. The headlamp parameters studied were beam range, headlamp height, upward divergence angle and horizontal spread angle. The analysis has been carried out on different real highways, which enabled the study of the influence of each parameter on different 3D alignments.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainTRA2015-63579-RUnspecifiedMaría Castro MalpicaNuevas tecnologías geoespaciales para estudios de seguridad vial

More information

Item ID: 45846
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/45846/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:45846
Official URL: http://ijtte.com/uploads/news_files/ICTTE%20Belgrade%202016_Proceedings.pdf
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 07 Jun 2017 12:30
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2017 12:30
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