Monitoring of airborne biological particles in outdoor atmosphere. Part 1: Importance, variability and ratios

Núñez, Andrés; Amo de Paz, Guillermo; Rastrojo, Alberto; García Ruiz, Ana María; Alcamí, Antonio; Gutiérrez-Bustillo, A. Montserrat y Moreno Gómez, Diego Alejandro (2016). Monitoring of airborne biological particles in outdoor atmosphere. Part 1: Importance, variability and ratios. "International Microbiology", v. 19 (n. 1); pp. 1-13. ISSN 1139-6709 e-ISSN: 1618-1095. https://doi.org/10.2436/20.1501.01.258.

Descripción

Título: Monitoring of airborne biological particles in outdoor atmosphere. Part 1: Importance, variability and ratios
Autor/es:
  • Núñez, Andrés
  • Amo de Paz, Guillermo
  • Rastrojo, Alberto
  • García Ruiz, Ana María
  • Alcamí, Antonio
  • Gutiérrez-Bustillo, A. Montserrat
  • Moreno Gómez, Diego Alejandro
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: International Microbiology
Fecha: Marzo 2016
Volumen: 19
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: air-genome ratios; airbiota; airborne biological particles; bioaerosols; meteorological factors
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Departamento: Física Aplicada e Ingeniería de Materiales
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

The first part of this review ("Monitoring of airborne biological particles in outdoor atmosphere. Part 1: Importance, variability and ratios") describes the current knowledge on the major biological particles present in the air regarding their global distribution, concentrations, ratios and influence of meteorological factors in an attempt to provide a framework for monitoring their biodiversity and variability in such a singular environment as the atmosphere. Viruses, bacteria, fungi, pollen and fragments thereof are the most abundant microscopic biological particles in the air outdoors. Some of them can cause allergy and severe diseases in humans, other animals and plants, with the subsequent economic impact. Despite the harsh conditions, they can be found from land and sea surfaces to beyond the troposphere and have been proposed to play a role also in weather conditions and climate change by acting as nucleation particles and inducing water vapour condensation. In regards to their global distribution, marine environments act mostly as a source for bacteria while continents additionally provide fungal and pollen elements. Within terrestrial environments, their abundances and diversity seem to be influenced by the land-use type (rural, urban, coastal) and their particularities. Temporal variability has been observed for all these organisms, mostly triggered by global changes in temperature, relative humidity, et cetera. Local fluctuations in meteorological factors may also result in pronounced changes in the airbiota. Although biological particles can be transported several hundreds of meters from the original source, and even intercontinentally, the time and final distance travelled are strongly influenced by factors such as wind speed and direction.

Proyectos asociados

TipoCódigoAcrónimoResponsableTítulo
Comunidad de MadridS2013/MAE-2874Sin especificarSin especificarAIRBIOTA-CM Program

Más información

ID de Registro: 45938
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/45938/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:45938
Identificador DOI: 10.2436/20.1501.01.258
URL Oficial: http://revistes.iec.cat/index.php/IM/article/viewFile/142193/141128
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 19 May 2017 08:34
Ultima Modificación: 19 May 2017 09:39
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