Tree-livestock interaction promotes nutrient shift and influences plant species richness in orchards

Schmitz, Anjia; López Sánchez, Aida; Roig Gómez, Sonia y Isselstein, Johannes (2016). Tree-livestock interaction promotes nutrient shift and influences plant species richness in orchards. En: "26 th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation Trondheim, Norway 4-8 September 2016", 4-8 Sep 2016, Trondheim, Noruega. ISBN 978-82-17-01677-9. pp. 642-644.

Descripción

Título: Tree-livestock interaction promotes nutrient shift and influences plant species richness in orchards
Autor/es:
  • Schmitz, Anjia
  • López Sánchez, Aida
  • Roig Gómez, Sonia
  • Isselstein, Johannes
Tipo de Documento: Ponencia en Congreso o Jornada (Artículo)
Título del Evento: 26 th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation Trondheim, Norway 4-8 September 2016
Fechas del Evento: 4-8 Sep 2016
Lugar del Evento: Trondheim, Noruega
Título del Libro: The multiple roles of grassland in the European bioeconomy
Fecha: 2016
ISBN: 978-82-17-01677-9
Volumen: 21
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: orchards, agroforestry, grazer species, debarking
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Montes (UPM) [antigua denominación]
Departamento: Sistemas y Recursos Naturales
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Orchards are traditional agroforestry elements in agricultural landscapes and valuable for nature conservation in Europe. However, their diversity is endangered due to farmland intensification or abandonment. Grazing management promotes plant species diversity but grazers are suspected to harm trees through debarking. We studied 42 orchards within the Rhenish uplands (Germany) and compared horses, cattle and sheep grazing. We analysed how grassland diversity is promoted by the presence of trees and modified by grazing management, as well as how grazers may impact trees. Plant species richness benefited from tree presence, but was not affected by tree-cover and only slightly by grazer species, whereas grazing intensity showed significant negative effects. All grazer species significantly increased recent debarking in the absence of individual tree-protection. Therefore, maintaining species diversity and long-term tree persistence in orchards does not primarily depend upon grazer species, but more especially on grazing intensity and tree-protection.

Más información

ID de Registro: 46018
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/46018/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:46018
URL Oficial: http://www.europeangrassland.org/
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 26 May 2017 15:51
Ultima Modificación: 26 May 2017 15:51
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