Social and Distributional Effects of Public Transport Fares and Subsidy Policies: Case of Madrid

Bueno Cadena, Paola Carolina; Vassallo Magro, José Manuel; Herraiz Tabernero, Israel y Loro Aguayo, Manuel (2016). Social and Distributional Effects of Public Transport Fares and Subsidy Policies: Case of Madrid. "Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board" (n. 2544); pp. 47-54. ISSN 0361-1981. https://doi.org/10.3141/2544-06.

Descripción

Título: Social and Distributional Effects of Public Transport Fares and Subsidy Policies: Case of Madrid
Autor/es:
  • Bueno Cadena, Paola Carolina
  • Vassallo Magro, José Manuel
  • Herraiz Tabernero, Israel
  • Loro Aguayo, Manuel
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board
Fecha: 2016
Materias:
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Departamento: Otro
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Despite the widespread implementation of urban transport subsidies in many cities, there are still only a limited evaluation of the equity of these policies and scarce quantitative assessment of their distributional incidence. This research contributes to filling this gap by developing a practical approach to evaluate the impact of fare subsidization on vertical equity. This paper implements a two-step methodology. First, two main indicators were developed to measure the social impact of the travel pass, a highly subsidized fare, to determine the effectiveness of the policy in reaching lower-income citizens. Second, by using the latest disaggregated data from a transportation survey, in Madrid, Spain, a multiple regression model revealed that travel pass usage (TPU) depended mainly on income level and accessibility to public transport. The results show that the accessibility level has a positive effect on the TPU indicator, whereas income level has a negative influence. Because income level is shown to play the most significant role in influencing public transport use, the subsidy policy associated with the travel pass in the city can be considered progressive, since it effectively targets economically disadvantaged groups. This fact suggests that subsidies for public transport in Madrid tend to favor vertical equity.

Más información

ID de Registro: 46367
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/46367/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:46367
Identificador DOI: 10.3141/2544-06
URL Oficial: http://trrjournalonline.trb.org/doi/abs/10.3141/2544-06
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 07 Jun 2017 07:27
Ultima Modificación: 07 Jun 2017 07:27
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