Laboratory estimation of black carbon emissions from cookstoves

Sota, Candela de la; Kane, M.; Viana, M.; Lumbreras Martin, Julio; Ba, M.B.; Querol, Xavier; Mazorra, J.; Narros Sierra, Adolfo; Borge, R. y Youm, I. (2016). Laboratory estimation of black carbon emissions from cookstoves. En: "4th Workplace and Indoor Aerosols conference", 20-22 April 2016, Barcelona (Spain). p. 1.

Descripción

Título: Laboratory estimation of black carbon emissions from cookstoves
Autor/es:
  • Sota, Candela de la
  • Kane, M.
  • Viana, M.
  • Lumbreras Martin, Julio
  • Ba, M.B.
  • Querol, Xavier
  • Mazorra, J.
  • Narros Sierra, Adolfo
  • Borge, R.
  • Youm, I.
Tipo de Documento: Ponencia en Congreso o Jornada (Póster)
Título del Evento: 4th Workplace and Indoor Aerosols conference
Fechas del Evento: 20-22 April 2016
Lugar del Evento: Barcelona (Spain)
Título del Libro: 4th Workplace and Indoor Aerosols Conference
Fecha: 2016
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: cookstove, black carbon, emission factor, water boiling test, Western Africa
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Departamento: Ingeniería Química Industrial y del Medio Ambiente
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

Recent estimations show that residential solid fuel combustion accounts for 25% of global black carbon (BC) emissions (Lamarque et al., 2010). Thus, the control of these emissions through the implementation of cleaner cooking technologies could be crucial for climate change mitigation (Venkataraman et al., 2005). However, BC emission factors for biofuel cooking stoves have been poorly estimated due to the wide distribution and remote location of the stoves and the relatively complex existing assessment methods. This work presents results on BC emission factors (EF) estimation from combustion of biomass cooking systems in Western Africa (in Senegal). Three stones fire (traditional stove), Noflaye Jegg (rocket stove), Jambaar bois (ceramic improved stove) and a gasifier were analysed under laboratory conditions at the Centre de Recherche sur les Energies Renouvelables (CERER) in Dakar. Two types of fuels (wood species) were tested: Casuarina Equisetifolia (Filao) and Cordyla Pinnata (Dimb). Three replicates of the standardized Water Boiling Test with two phases (cold start and simmer) were conducted at the laboratory to test each cooking system. PM2.5 emissions were collected on quartz fibre filters, and BC content was subsequently analysed using three analytical methods: i) Nexleaf system, in which a photograph of the filter is compared with a calibrated reference scale; ii) the EEL43 Smoke Stain Reflectometer; and iii) the Sunset Laboratory OCEC Analyzer. The two first were compared with the third one, considered the internal reference.

Más información

ID de Registro: 46685
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/46685/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:46685
URL Oficial: http://aerosols2016.eu/wp/conference/
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 19 Jun 2017 07:31
Ultima Modificación: 19 Jun 2017 07:31
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