Buildings environmental impact assessment: spatial localization

García, L.; Hernández, J.; Ayuga Téllez, Francisco y Garcia Navarro, Justo (1998). Buildings environmental impact assessment: spatial localization. En: "International Conference on Agricultural Engineering", 24/08/1998-27/08/1998, Oslo, Noruega. p. 1.


Título: Buildings environmental impact assessment: spatial localization
  • García, L.
  • Hernández, J.
  • Ayuga Téllez, Francisco
  • Garcia Navarro, Justo
Tipo de Documento: Ponencia en Congreso o Jornada (Artículo)
Título del Evento: International Conference on Agricultural Engineering
Fechas del Evento: 24/08/1998-27/08/1998
Lugar del Evento: Oslo, Noruega
Título del Libro: International Conference on Agricultural Engineering
Fecha: 1998
Volumen: 1
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Agrónomos (UPM) [antigua denominación]
Departamento: Construcción y Vías Rurales [hasta 2014]
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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In this work landscape has been considered as the space that is around the viewer. A scene is built by natural and artificial elements. Among them detach buildings. For this reason, the whole scene and the relations among its members is studied. The individualization of its elements can not be considered as landscape; a tree or a mountain would not be a landscape, only the global vision. Usually, the constructions always suppose the suppression of natural surfaces and, sometimes, the introduction of rare elements in the place. This incorporation of «singular elements» obliges to a planning in the execution and a study of design guides to the constructions for achieving its integration in the landscape. A correct analysis, that foresees the environmental problems and avoids the conflict between conservation and development, is necessary. The space, as a visual element of a scene, is defined as the tridimensional disposition of the objects and zones of the landscape that form the scenic composition and that is configured with the relation among its components. So three characteristics of the space: scenic composition, scenic background and localization of the are going to be studied. When the space is examined, rules that guide in the selection of the spatial localization should be analysed. The situation of the building has a great influence in its perception; so the construction will act as a point of greater or minor attention in the scene. Usually, the visualization of a building surges with a movement toward it. The tridimensional disposition of the objects in the landscape is basic to define this gradual perception of the construction. A slow opening of the vision always is gladder to the perception that a long and monotonous approach. It's due to while the interest for discovering something remains, the attention is active. The background and the localization of the units refers to the relative situation of the formal elements with own identity. It's defined in relation to the altitude and the characteristics of the composition. A specific study of the localization of the buildings is defined basically by its topographical position. The objects in visible or strategic localizations (focal centres) dominate to the others. The study of these concepts confers important arguments to the theories of intervention and is an important base to the guides that try to guarantee the maintenance of the quality of the landscapes.

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