Study of power sources for a mini off-grid system in Kole (DRC)

Gassó Sánchez, Ángel (2016). Study of power sources for a mini off-grid system in Kole (DRC). Proyecto Fin de Carrera / Trabajo Fin de Grado, E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM).

Descripción

Título: Study of power sources for a mini off-grid system in Kole (DRC)
Autor/es:
  • Gassó Sánchez, Ángel
Director/es:
  • Fernández Carrasco, Pedro
Tipo de Documento: Proyecto Fin de Carrera/Grado
Fecha: 2016
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: PFC Cooperación para el desarrollo
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Hidráulica, Energía y Medio Ambiente
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

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Resumen

The objective of the present project is to deal with the lack of electricity in the “Hôpital General de Référence" (HGR), situated in Kole. This is a serious problem that will be solved through the design of a mini off-grid energy system. Although this is the main object, the electricity production will be sized to supply also the forecasted future electricity demand increase and the expected additional connections of both public and private customers. The project is divided in two parts; first, a study of alternatives of the possible power plants and the power sources and, second, the construction project of the whole mini off-grid system. The present document corresponds to the first part, where a complete study of the different available energy sources will be executed. It is based on two main aspects; first, to find a viable and real solution, suitable to its particular environment, capable of work without expensive and specialized help during its operational life, approximately 20 years, and second, to keep the environmental and the social impact at a minimum level. The distribution and load management systems will also be sketched but in less detail. There are also a number of collateral targets, fulfilled if the main target is reached, such as; - Expand the national infrastructural network and improve the quality of the public services. - Increase the health of the population. - Creation of workstations and support the work of the nursery school. - Extension of the electric line to other public services and private households. - The project is a unique learning, business and development opportunity. It is an example for similar projects in the country. - The designed electricity grid can be the seed of a larger one. It will be designed with the capacity of connect more power sources and the possibility of expand the grid and reach more customers in future stages. Kole is a remote city extended along the shoreline of the Lukenye River, placed in the middle of the equatorial forest of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is located in the district of Sankuru, province of Kasaï-Oriental, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). In 2013 the population of Kole was estimated in 11.984 inhabitants. It is placed in the centre of the country, in a piece of land forgotten by every national and international interest due to its lack of economical or industrial relevance. It is far from Kinshasa, the administrative capital of the country, located in the west border, and it is also far from the region of Goma, in the east, where the mines of Coltan and the conflicts with the “guerrillas" focused the attention of the international cooperation. In the 1960s a floating water wheel was installed in the Lukenye River by a priest of the region. It was situated next to the bridge and it was able to generate enough energy to fulfil the demand of the Hospital. After a time of good working, the successive collisions of floating trunks caused frequently technical problems. Because of that, the wheel was repaired many times until it was concluded that it was not any more economically worthwhile (see Appendix A). Since this is a cooperation project, it is very important to understand the fundamentals of international cooperation. The receivers play a main role in this project, the particular conditions of the society must be considered in order to avoid a forced situation in which the project is not integrated within its environment. A human rights-based approach is a conceptual framework for the process of human development that is normatively based on international human rights standards and operationally directed to promoting and protecting human rights. It seeks to analyse inequalities which lie at the heart of development problems and redress discriminatory practices and unjust distributions of power that impede development progress. Mere charity is not enough from a human rights perspective. Under a human rights-based approach, the plans, policies and processes of development are anchored in a system of rights and its corresponding obligations established by international law. This helps to promote the sustainability of development work, empowering people themselves (especially the most marginalized) to participate in policy formulation and hold accountable those who have a duty to act. The present project also hopes to contribute to develop some of the Development Millennium Goals, such as the Goal 7; \to ensure environmental sustainability". The energy and the environment are fundamental aspects for the sustainable development. The demand of natural resources, especially water, food and fuels, has grown tremendously as the population and consumption rate has raised drastically. The project attempt to face the power supply to the Hôpital General de Référence of the city of Kole through a hydroelectric power source in the Lukenye River, being respectful with the environment and originating as less negative impact as possible.

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ID de Registro: 47818
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/47818/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:47818
Depositado por: Biblioteca ETSI Caminos
Depositado el: 20 Sep 2017 06:41
Ultima Modificación: 20 Sep 2017 06:41
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