El jardín moderno en España (1926-1980)

Hernández Lamas, Patricia (2017). El jardín moderno en España (1926-1980). Thesis (Doctoral), E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM). https://doi.org/10.20868/UPM.thesis.48763.

Description

Title: El jardín moderno en España (1926-1980)
Author/s:
  • Hernández Lamas, Patricia
Contributor/s:
  • Aníbarro Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel
  • Sanz Hernando, Alberto
Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Date: 2017
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM)
Department: Composición Arquitectónica
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Hasta hace algunos años en el estudio de la historia y evolución del jardín, el siglo XX se presentaba como un gran vacío, a excepción de algunas figuras como Barragán y Burle Marx, y negando la existencia de un jardín vinculado a la arquitectura moderna. Tanto más ocurría en el jardín español del siglo XX que no había sido estudiado desde una perspectiva analítica, ni tampoco agrupado geográfica, estilística o cronológicamente. Aunque algunos ejemplos particulares, especialmente los del primer tercio de siglo, poseen una amplia bibliografía, en un gran número de ellos (jardines de paisajistas, de jardineros, de viveristas y de arquitectos como García Mercadal, Zuazo, Sert, Moreno Barberá, Fisac, etc.) y en su tratamiento conjunto era a día de hoy prácticamente inexistente. Si se entiende el jardín como género arquitectónico, es posible afirmar que el jardín español del siglo XX, considerado en su conjunto o en cualquiera de sus ejemplos más notorios, no había sido aún analizado desde el punto de vista de la arquitectura por considerarse como algo secundario respecto a la edificación. Un trabajo tal, que supone un estudio de los trazados, de la organización espacial y sólida, de la correspondencia entre forma y función, de la relación entre el jardín y su entorno, y de las elaboraciones teóricas y su influencia sobre las distintas realizaciones, todavía no ha sido llevado a cabo de un modo sistemático, aplicado a los ejemplos de nuestro país. Con este estudio se obtienen una serie de conclusiones acerca de las líneas de desarrollo evolutivo del jardín español a lo largo del siglo, sus tendencias formales, sus períodos evolutivos y la variación de los usos, realizando una comparación del panorama español con el europeo e internacional. Se centra en el período del Movimiento Moderno, en cuyo estudio siempre se ha dado importancia a los edificios, sin profundizar en el jardín; se pretende, de esta manera, completar el panorama de la arquitectura del siglo XX. ----------ABSTRACT---------- Until recently, the 20th Century was shown in gardening historiography mainly as a void, with the odd exception made for icons such as Barragán and Burle Marx, and the very existence of a garden linked to Modern architecture was mostly negated. This situation was especially harsh regarding 20th Century Spanish gardening, which has neither ever been studied from an analytical point of view, nor geographically, stylistically or culturally classified. Although some specific cases, especially those of the first third of the century, boast an ample bibliography, for a large number of them (including works by landscapers, gardeners, nurserymen and architects as significant as García Mercadal, Zuazo, Sert, Moreno Barberá, Fisac, etc.) and for a collective understanding of them there is a marked lack thereof. If the garden is to be understood as an architectural type, one may justly assert that Spanish gardens of the 20th Century, whether as a whole or specifically regarding any of their foremost examples, have not as yet been assessed form an architectural point of view, maybe due to their being perceived as secondary to the building itself. A work such as the one being undertaken here, that is, one which comprehends a study of layouts, of spatial and volumetric organizations, of the correspondence between form and function, of the relationship between the garden and its surroundings, and of theoretical constructs and their influence on actual works, is yet to be undertaken systematically regarding the Spanish case. With this study some conclusions are obtained about the evolutionary lines of the Spanish garden throughout the century, its formal trends, its evolutionary periods and the variation of the uses, comparing the Spanish panorama with the European and international one. It focuses on the period of the Modern Movement, which study has always been given importance to buildings, without deepening the garden; In this way it is intended to complete the panorama of the 20th century architecture.

More information

Item ID: 48763
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/48763/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:48763
DOI: 10.20868/UPM.thesis.48763
Deposited by: Archivo Digital UPM 2
Deposited on: 07 Feb 2018 07:47
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2018 22:30
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