Pleistocene cave hyenas in the Iberian Peninsula: New insights from Los Aprendices cave (Moncayo, Zaragoza)

Torres Pérez-Hidalgo, Trinidad José and Ortiz Menéndez, José Eugenio and Sauqué, Víctor and Rabal-Garcés, Raquel and Madurell-Malaperia, Joan and Gisbert, Mario and Zamora, Samuel and Cuenca-Bescós, Gloria (2017). Pleistocene cave hyenas in the Iberian Peninsula: New insights from Los Aprendices cave (Moncayo, Zaragoza). "Palaeontologia electronica" ; pp. 1-38. ISSN 1935-3952. https://doi.org/10.26879/622.

Description

Title: Pleistocene cave hyenas in the Iberian Peninsula: New insights from Los Aprendices cave (Moncayo, Zaragoza)
Author/s:
  • Torres Pérez-Hidalgo, Trinidad José
  • Ortiz Menéndez, José Eugenio
  • Sauqué, Víctor
  • Rabal-Garcés, Raquel
  • Madurell-Malaperia, Joan
  • Gisbert, Mario
  • Zamora, Samuel
  • Cuenca-Bescós, Gloria
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Palaeontologia electronica
Date: 2017
ISSN: 1935-3952
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Pleistocene; Crocuta spelaea; taphonomy; distribution; Iberian Peninsula
Faculty: E.T.S.I. de Minas y Energía (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Geológica y Minera
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

A new Pleistocene paleontological site, Los Aprendices, located in the northwestern part of the Iberian Peninsula in the area of the Moncayo (Zaragoza) is presented. The layer with fossil remains has been dated by amino acid racemization to 143.8 ± 38.9 ka (earliest Late Pleistocene or latest Middle Pleistocene). Five mammal species have been identified in the assemblage: Crocuta spelaea (Goldfuss, 1823) Capra pyrenaica (Schinz, 1838), Lagomorpha indet, Arvicolidae indet and Galemys pyrenaicus (Geoffroy, 1811). The remains of C. spelaea represent a mostly complete skeleton in anatomical semi-connection. The hyena specimen represents the most complete skeleton ever recovered in Iberia and one of the most complete remains in Europe. It has been compared anatomically and biometrically with both European cave hyenas and extant spotted hyenas. In addition, a taphonomic study has been carried out in order to understand the origin and preservation of these exceptional remains. The results suggest rapid burial with few scavenging modifications putatively produced by a medium sized carnivore. A review of the Pleistocene Iberian record of Crocuta spp. has been carried out, enabling us to establish one of the earliest records of C. spelaea in the recently discovered Los Aprendices cave, and also showing that the most extensive geographical distribution of this species occurred during the Late Pleistocene (MIS4- 2).

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainCGL2011-28681UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Government of SpainCGR2014-5473-PUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Government of SpainCGL2012- 38434-C03-01UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

More information

Item ID: 50047
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/50047/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:50047
DOI: 10.26879/622
Official URL: https://palaeo-electronica.org/content/2017/1786-crocuta-spelaea-in-iberias
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 17 May 2018 07:06
Last Modified: 30 May 2019 10:01
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