Verification of AP1000 (R) low-margin PRA sequences based on best-estimate calculations

Queral Salazar, José Cesar and Rivas Lewicky, Julio and Rebollo Mena, María José and Montero-mayorga, J. (2017). Verification of AP1000 (R) low-margin PRA sequences based on best-estimate calculations. "Annals of nuclear energy", v. 104 ; pp. 9-27. ISSN 0306-4549. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anucene.2017.02.001.

Description

Title: Verification of AP1000 (R) low-margin PRA sequences based on best-estimate calculations
Author/s:
  • Queral Salazar, José Cesar
  • Rivas Lewicky, Julio
  • Rebollo Mena, María José
  • Montero-mayorga, J.
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Annals of nuclear energy
Date: 2017
Volume: 104
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: AP1000; Expanded event trees; LOCA; Focused PRA; Passive safety systems; TRACE
Faculty: E.T.S.I. de Minas y Energía (UPM)
Department: Energía y Combustibles
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

The Westinghouse AP1000 reactor is an advanced design whose safety systems are mainly passive safety systems. Due to the passive nature of the safety related systems and its dependency on small changes on certain variables (e.g. pressure, friction coefficients) together with the use of a simplified code like MAAP in Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) analyses, it makes necessary to confirm that when core cooling is achieved, thermal-hydraulic (T/H) uncertainties are bounded. The T/H uncertainty evaluation process performed by Westinghouse Electric Company (WEC) identified the low-margin sequences (core uncovery) by expanding PRA Event Trees (ETs). The expanded ETs allowed finding the low-margin riskimportant sequences and then a set of low-margin bounding sequences was selected. Then detailed safety analysis methodologies were applied in order to evaluate the bounding sequences demonstrating that the T/H uncertainties were bounded. The Universidad Politécnica de Madrid group has verified the low-margin bounding sequences obtained by WEC with the best-estimate TRACE code in order to verify the previous results and also to study the phenomenology of such sequences through a best-estimate code. This paper presents the results obtained for short-term low-margin bounding sequences. In general, TRACE results do not present important discrepancies with respect to NOTRUMP and WCOBRA/TRAC results although TRACE presents lower values for Peak Cladding Temperature. This analysis has allowed to verify the AP1000 thermal-hydraulic bounding evaluation process performed by WEC for the lowmargin risk-important sequences with TRACE code.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainENE2011-28256ISAMARUnspecifiedUnspecified

More information

Item ID: 50424
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/50424/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:50424
DOI: 10.1016/j.anucene.2017.02.001
Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306454916305151?via%3Dihub
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 11 May 2018 09:09
Last Modified: 14 May 2019 11:41
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