Approach to Hybrid Energy Storage Systems Dimensioning for Urban Electric Buses Regarding Efficiency and Battery Aging

Nájera Álvarez, Jorge; Moreno-Torres, Pablo; Lafoz Pastor, Marcos y Arribas, Jaime R. (2017). Approach to Hybrid Energy Storage Systems Dimensioning for Urban Electric Buses Regarding Efficiency and Battery Aging. "Energies", v. 10 (n. 11); pp. 1-16. ISSN 1996-1073. https://doi.org/10.3390/en10111708.

Descripción

Título: Approach to Hybrid Energy Storage Systems Dimensioning for Urban Electric Buses Regarding Efficiency and Battery Aging
Autor/es:
  • Nájera Álvarez, Jorge
  • Moreno-Torres, Pablo
  • Lafoz Pastor, Marcos
  • Arribas, Jaime R.
Tipo de Documento: Artículo
Título de Revista/Publicación: Energies
Fecha: Noviembre 2017
Volumen: 10
Materias:
Palabras Clave Informales: battery aging; electric bus; energy efficiency; Hybrid Energy Storage
Escuela: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Departamento: Ingeniería Eléctrica, Electrónica Automática y Física Aplicada
Licencias Creative Commons: Reconocimiento - Sin obra derivada - No comercial

Texto completo

[img]
Vista Previa
PDF (Document Portable Format) - Se necesita un visor de ficheros PDF, como GSview, Xpdf o Adobe Acrobat Reader
Descargar (3MB) | Vista Previa

Resumen

This paper focuses on Hybrid Energy Storage Systems (HESS), consisting of a combination of batteries and Electric Double Layer Capacitors (EDLC), for electric urban busses. The aim of the paper is to develop a methodology to determine the hybridization percentage that allows the electric bus to work with the highest efficiency while reducing battery aging, depending on the chosen topology, control strategy, and driving cycle. Three power electronic topologies are qualitatively analyzed based on different criteria, with the topology selected as the favorite being analyzed in detail. The whole system under study is comprised of the following elements: a battery pack (LiFePO4 batteries), an EDLC pack, up to two DC-DC converters (depending on the topology), and an equivalent load, which behaves as an electric bus drive (including motion resistances and inertia). Mathematical models for the battery, EDLCs, DC-DC converter, and the vehicle itself are developed for this analysis. The methodology presented in this work, as the main scientific contribution, considers performance variation (energy efficiency and battery aging) and hybridization percentage (ratio between batteries and EDLCs, defined in terms of mass), using a power load profile based on standard driving cycles. The results state that there is a hybridization percentage that increases energy efficiency and reduces battery aging, maximizing the economic benefits of the vehicle, for every combination of topology, type of storage device, control strategy, and driving cycle.

Proyectos asociados

TipoCódigoAcrónimoResponsableTítulo
Gobierno de EspañaTRA2014-57520-RPCBBUSSin especificarSIMULACION Y CONTROL DE LA GESTION ENERGETICA DE UN SISTEMA HIBRIDO BASADO EN PILA DE COMBUSTIBLE, SUPERCONDENSADOR Y BATERIA PARA UN AUTOBUS ELECTRICO.
Comunidad de MadridS2013/MIT-2713SEGVAUTO-TRIESCMAparicio Izquierdo, FranciscoSeguridad de los vehículos Automóviles, por un Transporte Inteligente, Eficiente y Seguro

Más información

ID de Registro: 50710
Identificador DC: http://oa.upm.es/50710/
Identificador OAI: oai:oa.upm.es:50710
Identificador DOI: 10.3390/en10111708
URL Oficial: http://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/10/11
Depositado por: Memoria Investigacion
Depositado el: 08 May 2018 15:03
Ultima Modificación: 04 Jun 2018 15:28
  • InvestigaM
  • GEO_UP4
  • Open Access
  • Open Access
  • Sherpa-Romeo
    Compruebe si la revista anglosajona en la que ha publicado un artículo permite también su publicación en abierto.
  • Dulcinea
    Compruebe si la revista española en la que ha publicado un artículo permite también su publicación en abierto.
  • Recolecta
  • Observatorio I+D+i UPM
  • OpenCourseWare UPM