New electrodes prepared by Pt/Ru e-beam evaporation for application in fuel cell

Carrillo Ramiro, Isabel and Santiago Carretero, Óscar and Raso García, Miguel Ángel and Mora Peña, Eleuterio and García García-Tuñón, Miguel Ángel and Navarro Arevalo, Emilio and Leo Mena, Teresa de Jesus (2017). New electrodes prepared by Pt/Ru e-beam evaporation for application in fuel cell. In: "10th World Congress of Chemical Engineering", 01/10/2017-05/10/2017, Barcelona, España. ISBN 978-84-697-8629-1. p. 1912.

Description

Title: New electrodes prepared by Pt/Ru e-beam evaporation for application in fuel cell
Author/s:
  • Carrillo Ramiro, Isabel
  • Santiago Carretero, Óscar
  • Raso García, Miguel Ángel
  • Mora Peña, Eleuterio
  • García García-Tuñón, Miguel Ángel
  • Navarro Arevalo, Emilio
  • Leo Mena, Teresa de Jesus
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: 10th World Congress of Chemical Engineering
Event Dates: 01/10/2017-05/10/2017
Event Location: Barcelona, España
Title of Book: 10th World Congress of Chemical Engineering Abstract Book
Date: 2017
ISBN: 978-84-697-8629-1
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Diseño Industrial (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Mecánica, Química y Diseño Industrial
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC), as environmentally friendly energy devices, are being intensively studied due to their numerous advantages with respect to other energy storing systems, including low environmental impact, high-energy density, high-efficiency and low noise, portable applications. One of the main problems of these fuel cells is the cost of the MEA due to the platinum content as catalyst. The Pt-Rub binary alloy electrocatalyst appears as the most promising formulation to oxidize the methanol at DMFC anodes. Pt sites in Pt-Ru alloys are especially involved in both the methanol dehydrogenation step and strong chemisorption of methanol residues. The aim of this work is to investigate the electron beam evaporation for preparing Pt/Ru layers deposited on the un-catalysed gas diffussion layers for DMFC, Freudenberg H2215 T10A. Pt/Ruf films in atomic ratio 1:1(50.4µg Pt cm2, 26.1 µg Ru cm2) were evaporated in a vacuum chamber using an e-beam evaporator QUAD-EV-C, Mantis. Electrochemical measurements were carried out in a three electrode cell with a Pt wire used as auxiliary electrode connected to a Schlumbeger 1286 potentiostast/galvanostat connected to a frequency analyser Solarton 1255B. The prepared e-beam PtRu electrode and a commercial of 3 mg PtRu cm2, BC-M100-30F T10A were measured using membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) in a single DMFC of 3.8 cm2 of active area. A commercial cathode: Quintech H2315 IX91CX320 containing 1mgPt cm2 has been used to fabricate the MEAs. Polarization curves were registered at different temperatures and methanol concentrations with each DMFC. The electrochemical behaviour of the catalyst support and the electrodes has been studied by cyclicvoltammetry in 0.5M H2SO4 and O.5M H2SO4+1M MeOH medium. The electrochemical active surfaces were determined and their morphological characteristics were examined by SEM. Low Pt/Ru electrodes shows more electroactivity than carbon paper without e-beam evaporation and they are also comparable with commercial ones. The e-beam MEA maximum power density (Wm, mW per mg of PtRu at the anode) is higher than that of the commercial MEA. At 80ºC and 1M of methanol the ratio between Wm of e-beam and commercial MEAs is 3.5. This ratio decreases when the temperature decreases, but it is always greater than 1. Thus, PtRu e-beam electrode makes better use of the catalyst. Therefore, at low Pt-Ru loadings, the e-beam evaporation technique seems to be an easily scalable preparation method for fuel cell electrodes.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainENE2011-28735-C02-02UnspecifiedUniversidad Politécnica de MadridDesarrollo y optimización experimental de nuevas MEAs con control morfológico y carga de catalizador reducida en pilas de combustible alimentadas por bio-alcoholes.
Madrid Regional GovernmentS2013/MAE-2975PILCONAERMario Aparicio AmbrósNuevas pilas de combustible de alcohol directo y de hidrógeno para aplicaciones navales y aeronáuticas

More information

Item ID: 50801
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/50801/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:50801
Official URL: http://wcce10.org/
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 22 May 2018 08:32
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2018 23:30
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