AP1000® passive cooling containment analysis of a double-ended LBLOCA with a 3D GOTHIC model

Estévez Albuja, Samanta Estefanía and Jiménez Varas, Gonzalo and Fernández Cosials, Kevin and Queral Salazar, José Cesar and Goñi, Zuriñe (2018). AP1000® passive cooling containment analysis of a double-ended LBLOCA with a 3D GOTHIC model. In: "26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. ICONE26", July 22-28, 2018, London, United Kigndom. pp. 1-8.

Description

Title: AP1000® passive cooling containment analysis of a double-ended LBLOCA with a 3D GOTHIC model
Author/s:
  • Estévez Albuja, Samanta Estefanía
  • Jiménez Varas, Gonzalo
  • Fernández Cosials, Kevin
  • Queral Salazar, José Cesar
  • Goñi, Zuriñe
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. ICONE26
Event Dates: July 22-28, 2018
Event Location: London, United Kigndom
Title of Book: Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. ICONE26
Date: 2018
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Energética
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

In order to enhance Generation II reactors safety, Generation III+ reactors have adopted passive mechanisms for their safety systems. In particular, the AP1000® reactor uses these mechanisms to evacuate heat from the containment by means of the Passive Containment Cooling System (PCS). The PCS uses the environment atmosphere as the ultimate heat sink without the need of AC power to work properly during normal or accidental conditions. To evaluate its performance, the AP1000 PCS has been usually modeled with a Lumped Parameters (LP) approach, coupled with another LP model of the steel containment vessel to simulate the accidental sequences within the containment building. However, a 3D simulation, feasible and motivated by the current computational capabilities, may be able to produce more detailed and accurate results. In this paper, the development and verification of an integral AP1000® 3D GOTHIC containment model, taking into account the shield building, is briefly presented. The model includes all compartments inside the metallic containment liner and the external shield building. Passive safety systems, such as the Incontainment Refueling Water Storage Tank (IRWST) with the Passive Residual Heat Removal (PRHR) heat exchanger and the Automatic Depressurization System (ADS), as well as the PCS, are included in the model. The model is tested against a cold leg Double Ended Guillotine Break Large Break Loss of Coolant Accident (DEGB LBLOCA) sequence, taking as a conservative assumption that the PCS water tank is not available during the sequence. The results show a pressure and temperature increase in the containment in consonance with the current literature, but providing a greater detail of the local pressure and temperature in all compartments.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainENE2015-67638-RUnspecifiedUnspecifiedPREVENCION Y GESTION DE SECUENCIAS DE ACCIDENTE SEVERO EN REACTORES AVANZADOS Y CONVENCIONALES

More information

Item ID: 52740
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/52740/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:52740
Official URL: https://www.asme.org/events/icone2018
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 27 Nov 2018 16:47
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2018 16:47
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