The Water–Energy–Food Nexus: A Fuzzy-Cognitive Mapping Approach to Support Nexus-Compliant Policies in Andalusia (Spain)

Martínez Muñoz, Pilar and Blanco Fonseca, Maria and Castro-Campos, Bente (2018). The Water–Energy–Food Nexus: A Fuzzy-Cognitive Mapping Approach to Support Nexus-Compliant Policies in Andalusia (Spain). "Water", v. 10 (n. 5); p. 664. ISSN 2073-4441. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10050664.

Description

Title: The Water–Energy–Food Nexus: A Fuzzy-Cognitive Mapping Approach to Support Nexus-Compliant Policies in Andalusia (Spain)
Author/s:
  • Martínez Muñoz, Pilar
  • Blanco Fonseca, Maria
  • Castro-Campos, Bente
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Water
Date: 2018
ISSN: 2073-4441
Volume: 10
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S. de Ingeniería Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas (UPM)
Department: Economía Agraria, Estadística y Gestión de Empresas
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition

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Abstract

Water, energy and food are essential resources for economic development and social well-being. Framing integrated policies that improve their efficient use requires understanding the interdependencies in the water–energy–food (WEF) nexus. Stakeholder involvement in this process is crucial to represent multiple perspectives, ensure political legitimacy and promote dialogue. In this research, we develop and apply a participatory modelling approach to identify the main interlinkages within the WEF nexus in Andalusia, as a starting point to developing a system dynamic model at a later stage. The application of fuzzy cognitive mapping enabled us to gain knowledge on the WEF nexus according to opinions from 14 decision-makers, as well as contributing to raising awareness and building consensus among stakeholders. Results show that climate change and water availability are key drivers in the WEF nexus in Andalusia. Other variables with significant interlinkages within the WEF nexus are food production, irrigated agriculture, energy cost, socio-economic factors, irrigation water use, environmental conservation, and farm performance indicators. The scenario analysis reveals the interdependencies among nexus sectors and the existence of unanticipated effects when changing variables in the system, which need to be considered to design integrated policies.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Horizon 2020689150SIM4NEXUSMaria BlancoSustainable Integrated Management FOR the NEXUS of water-land-food-energy-climate for a resource-efficient Europe

More information

Item ID: 53215
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/53215/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:53215
DOI: 10.3390/w10050664
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/w10050664
Deposited by: Prof. Maria Blanco
Deposited on: 11 Dec 2018 08:30
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2018 08:30
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