Characterization of a more sustainable cement produced with recycled drywall and plasterboards as set retarders

Flores Medina, Nelson and Hernández Olivares, Francisco and Fernández Martínez, Francisco and Arroyo, Xabier and Aguilera, Amador (2016). Characterization of a more sustainable cement produced with recycled drywall and plasterboards as set retarders. "Construction and Building Materials" (n. 124); pp. 982-991. ISSN 0950-0618. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.08.140.

Description

Title: Characterization of a more sustainable cement produced with recycled drywall and plasterboards as set retarders
Author/s:
  • Flores Medina, Nelson
  • Hernández Olivares, Francisco
  • Fernández Martínez, Francisco
  • Arroyo, Xabier
  • Aguilera, Amador
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Construction and Building Materials
Date: October 2016
ISSN: 0950-0618
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Recycled calcium sulphates; Plaster of Paris; Gypsum; Set retarder; Drywall; Plasterwork
Faculty: E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM)
Department: Construcción y Tecnología Arquitectónica
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

This paper deals with the study of a process that allows the use of waste sulphates from drywalls and plasterboards in the cement chemistry without affecting the resistance of cement, since cement industry is an important sulphate consumer. The role of the recycling temperature to obtain recycled calcium sulphates (RCS) and their SO3 contents, when RCS are used as set retarders in cements, is also studied. Gypsum from drywalls, and plaster of Paris from plasterboards, were heated at three recycling temperatures (110 C 150 C 170 C) and partially dehydrated to obtain RCS. Chemical composition and SO3 purity of these RCS and of natural gypsums were determined and compared via XRD and DSC/TG. Setting time, the compressive strengths and the microstructure of cements with RCS used as set retarder were studied. The main products formed after cement hydration were determined by XRD and their microstructure observed by SEM/EDX. Internal porosity of different blends, area per mm2 and diameter distribution, was determined through image processing with computer-aided design (CAD) software in SEM images. Cements with RCS from plasterboards as set retarder, with the higher SO3 content and higher amount of hemihydrates, preheated at 150–170 C, have mechanical strengths according to cement standards. They show a denser microstructure, lower porosity and more homogeneous matrix after final setting than cements with RCS from drywalls. The selection here suggested of waste sulphates and the preheating process will allow using recycled sulphates from debris in the cement industry, according to EU standards.

More information

Item ID: 54497
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/54497/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:54497
DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.08.140
Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0950061816314039
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 24 Apr 2019 10:01
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2019 10:01
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