Improvements in the conception rate, milk composition and embryo quality of rabbit does after dietary enrichment with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids

Rodríguez Francisco, María and García García, R. M. and Arias Alvárez, M. and Millán, P. and Formoso Rafferty, Nora and López Tello, J. and Lorenzo, P.L. and García Rebollar, Pilar (2018). Improvements in the conception rate, milk composition and embryo quality of rabbit does after dietary enrichment with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. "Animal", v. 12 (n. 10); pp. 2080-2088. ISSN 1751-7311. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731117003706.

Description

Title: Improvements in the conception rate, milk composition and embryo quality of rabbit does after dietary enrichment with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
Author/s:
  • Rodríguez Francisco, María
  • García García, R. M.
  • Arias Alvárez, M.
  • Millán, P.
  • Formoso Rafferty, Nora
  • López Tello, J.
  • Lorenzo, P.L.
  • García Rebollar, Pilar
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Animal
Date: October 2018
ISSN: 1751-7311
Volume: 12
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: fatty acids; primiparous; fertility; apoptosis rate; milk
Faculty: E.T.S. de Ingeniería Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas (UPM)
Department: Producción Agraria
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

This work attempts to confirm the effect of an enriched diet with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) trying to mitigate the reproductive performances issues such as low conception rate of primiparous rabbits. A total of 127 does were fed ad libitum throughout their two first cycles with two diets with different fat sources: mixed fat in the control and salmon oil in the enriched one, with 3.19 g/100 g (n=63 does) and 28.77 g/100 g (n=64 does) of n-3 of the total fatty acid, respectively. Feed intake was similar between groups ( P>0.05). Plasma progesterone concentration was higher in the enriched females than in control ones at 7 (30.9 ± 2.18 v. 23.9 ± 2.30 ng/ml, respectively; P= 0.029) and 14 (38.7 ± 2.18 v. 28.2 ± 2.30 ng/ml, respectively; P=0.001) days of first gestation. Considering both cycles, reproductive parameters of mothers (fertility, duration of gestation and prolificacy) and litter parameters (weight at parturition and weaning, mortality and average daily gain (ADG) of kits during lactation) were similar in both groups. However, individual measurements of neonates of enriched group improved 5.87%, 7.10% and 18.01% ( P 0.05), but embryo apoptosis rate was higher in control group than in enriched one (31.1 ± 4.56% v. 17.1 ± 3.87%, respectively; P < 0.05). In conclusion, dietary PUFA enrichment from the rearing and throughout two productive cycles improved plasma progesterone during pregnancy, fertility, milk fatty acid profile and neonates development of primiparous supporting the beneficial effect of n-3 PUFA supplementation in rabbit does.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainAGL2011-23822UnspecifiedUnspecifiedMejora del rendimiento reproductivo en conejas primíparas sometidas a ritmos extensivos utilizando dietas ricas en ácidos grasos poliinsaturados y control de lactación
Madrid Regional GovernmentS2013/ABI-2913MEDGANUnspecifiedTecnologías de manejo, nutrición y genética para optimizar la producción de alimentos de origen animal característicos de la dieta mediterránea
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