The Fragmentation energy-fan model in quarry blasts

Segarra Catasus, Pablo and Sanchidrián Blanco, José Angel and Navarro Miguel, Juan and Castedo Ruiz, Ricardo (2018). The Fragmentation energy-fan model in quarry blasts. "Rock mechanics and rock engineering", v. 51 (n. 7); pp. 2175-2190. ISSN 0723-2632. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00603-018-1470-9.

Description

Title: The Fragmentation energy-fan model in quarry blasts
Author/s:
  • Segarra Catasus, Pablo
  • Sanchidrián Blanco, José Angel
  • Navarro Miguel, Juan
  • Castedo Ruiz, Ricardo
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Rock mechanics and rock engineering
Date: 2018
ISSN: 0723-2632
Volume: 51
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Image analysis; Belt scales; Fragmentation energy-fan; Swebrec distribution; Rock blasting
Faculty: E.T.S.I. de Minas y Energía (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Geológica y Minera
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

This paper investigates fragmentation in an aggregate quarry in the light of the fragmentation-energy fan concept. Six blasts were monitored, located one behind the other in the same quarry area. The rock structure was blocky, the water level and the usage of explosives were variable within and between the blasts; however, the distribution of explosive energy in the blocks was relatively uniform and the performance of both explosives per unit mass appeared to be similar. The powder factor above grade was between 0.28 and 0.44 kg/m3 . Fragmentation of the plant feed was measured using an online digital image analysis system and three belt scales in the crushing plant. The oversize material that was not directly fed to the plant after the blast corresponds to 3–9.3% of the total. Data from image analysis was used to build the size distribution in the coarse range (fragments above 120 mm), and the passing fractions at 120 and 25 mm obtained from belt scales data were used in the range 120–25 mm. The non-dimensional percentile sizes between 10 and 90% for each blast are described through power functions of the powder factor above grade; the model coefcients (i.e. nine prefactors and nine exponents) are statistically signifcant. From them, using the principles of the fragmentation-energy fan and the Swebrec distribution properties, the fragmentation can be expressed in terms of the powder factor by means of fve parameters: the fan focus coordinates and the three parameters of a function of the exponents versus the percentage passing. The model shows a good capability to describe fragmentation from 10 to 90 percentile sizes, with an expected error below 6% and a maximum likely error less than 15%.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Universidad Politécnica de MadridUPM/FGP 007033UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

More information

Item ID: 54857
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/54857/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:54857
DOI: 10.1007/s00603-018-1470-9
Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00603-018-1470-9
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 17 May 2019 07:22
Last Modified: 17 May 2019 08:57
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