Non-invasive detection of severe neutropenia in chemotherapy patients by optical imaging of nailfold microcirculation

Bourquard ., Aurélien and Pablo Trinidad, Alberto and Butterworth, Ian and Sánchez Ferro, Álvaro and Cerrato Canales, Carolina and Humala, Karem and Fabra Urdiola, Marta and del Río, Candice and Valles, Betsy and Tucker-Schwartz, Jason M. and Lee, Elizabeth S. and Vakoc, Benjamin J. and Padera, Timothy P. and Ledesma Carbayo, Maria Jesus and Chen, Yi-Bin and Hochberg, Ephraim P. and Gray, Martha L. and Castro González, Carlos (2018). Non-invasive detection of severe neutropenia in chemotherapy patients by optical imaging of nailfold microcirculation. "Scientific Reports", v. 8 (n. 5301); pp. 1-12. ISSN 2045-2322. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-23591-0.

Description

Title: Non-invasive detection of severe neutropenia in chemotherapy patients by optical imaging of nailfold microcirculation
Author/s:
  • Bourquard ., Aurélien
  • Pablo Trinidad, Alberto
  • Butterworth, Ian
  • Sánchez Ferro, Álvaro
  • Cerrato Canales, Carolina
  • Humala, Karem
  • Fabra Urdiola, Marta
  • del Río, Candice
  • Valles, Betsy
  • Tucker-Schwartz, Jason M.
  • Lee, Elizabeth S.
  • Vakoc, Benjamin J.
  • Padera, Timothy P.
  • Ledesma Carbayo, Maria Jesus
  • Chen, Yi-Bin
  • Hochberg, Ephraim P.
  • Gray, Martha L.
  • Castro González, Carlos
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Scientific Reports
Date: March 2018
ISSN: 2045-2322
Volume: 8
Subjects:
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Telecomunicación (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Electrónica
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

White-blood-cell (WBC) assessment is employed for innumerable clinical procedures as one indicator of immune status. Currently, WBC determinations are obtained by clinical laboratory analysis of whole blood samples. Both the extraction of blood and its analysis limit the accessibility and frequency of the measurement. In this study, we demonstrate the feasibility of a non-invasive device to perform point-of-care WBC analysis without the need for blood draws, focusing on a chemotherapy setting where patients’ neutrophils—the most common type of WBC—become very low. In particular, we built a portable optical prototype, and used it to collect 22 microcirculatory-video datasets from 11 chemotherapy patients. Based on these videos, we identifed moving optical absorption gaps in the fow of red cells, using them as proxies to WBC movement through nailfold capillaries. We then showed that counting these gaps allows discriminating cases of severe neutropenia (1,500 neutrophils per µL). This result suggests that the integration of optical imaging, consumer electronics, and data analysis can make non-invasive screening for severe neutropenia accessible to patients. More generally, this work provides a frst step towards a long-term objective of non-invasive WBC counting.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
FP7291820MVISIONUnspecifiedMVISION

More information

Item ID: 54988
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/54988/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:54988
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-23591-0
Official URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-23591-0
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 21 May 2019 15:29
Last Modified: 21 May 2019 15:29
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