An agent-based simulation model for emergency egress

Carrera Barroso, Álvaro and Merino Machuca, Eduardo and Aznar Delgado, Pablo and Fernández Escobar, Guillermo and Iglesias Fernández, Carlos Ángel (2018). An agent-based simulation model for emergency egress. In: "15th International Conference Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence, Special Sessions, 15th International Conference", 20/06/2018 - 22/06/2018, Ávila. pp. 1-8.

Description

Title: An agent-based simulation model for emergency egress
Author/s:
  • Carrera Barroso, Álvaro
  • Merino Machuca, Eduardo
  • Aznar Delgado, Pablo
  • Fernández Escobar, Guillermo
  • Iglesias Fernández, Carlos Ángel
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: 15th International Conference Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence, Special Sessions, 15th International Conference
Event Dates: 20/06/2018 - 22/06/2018
Event Location: Ávila
Title of Book: Proceedings of 15th International Conference Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence, Special Sessions
Date: March 2018
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Agent-Based Social Simulation; Evacuation protocol; Emergency Egress; Affiliation model
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Telecomunicación (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería de Sistemas Telemáticos [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Unfortunately, news regarding tragedies involving crowd evacuations are becoming more and more common. Understanding disasters and crowd emergency evacuation behaviour is essential to define effective evacuation protocols. This paper proposes an agent-based model of egress behaviour consisting of three complementary models: (i) model of people moving in a building in normal circumstances, (ii) policies of egress evacuation, and (iii) social models for integrating models (e.g. affiliation) that explain the social behaviour and help in mass evacuations. The proposed egress model has been evaluated in a university building and the results show how these models can help to better understand egress behaviour and apply this knowledge for improving the design and execution evacuation plans.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainRTC-2016-5053-7SEMOLAUnspecifiedEmoSpaces
Government of SpainITEA3 15018UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Madrid Regional GovernmentP2013/ICE-3019MOSI-AGIL-CMUnspecifiedUnspecified
Government of SpainPRX16/00515UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

More information

Item ID: 55267
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/55267/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:55267
Official URL: https://www.dcai-conference.net/
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 16 Sep 2019 15:48
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2019 15:48
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