A methodology for the development of urban energy balances: Ten years of application to the city of Madrid

Pérez Rodríguez, Javier and Lázaro Navas, Sonia and Lumbreras Martín, Julio and Rodríguez Hurtado, María Encarnación (2019). A methodology for the development of urban energy balances: Ten years of application to the city of Madrid. "Cities", v. 91 ; pp. 126-136. ISSN 0264-2751. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2018.11.012.

Description

Title: A methodology for the development of urban energy balances: Ten years of application to the city of Madrid
Author/s:
  • Pérez Rodríguez, Javier
  • Lázaro Navas, Sonia
  • Lumbreras Martín, Julio
  • Rodríguez Hurtado, María Encarnación
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Cities
Date: August 2019
ISSN: 0264-2751
Volume: 91
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Urban energy balance; Local decision-making tool; GHG inventory; Energy consumption
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Industriales (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Química Industrial y del Medio Ambiente
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

This paper presents a methodology for the development of urban energy balances, which has been applied to the city of Madrid for the last ten years and is consistent with the guidelines of the International Energy Agency. The methodology is structured into three major modules: energy imports into the municipality, energy generation from either internal or external sources, and final energy consumption. The paper shows results for the most recent year for which data are available, as well as historical series for the period 2006–2015. It also includes a comparison of the main energy indicators with the national situation. The experience acquired during the ten years performing the energy balance in Madrid served to improve both the greenhouse gases and the air pollutant emission inventories, keeping their consistent with the energy balance, as well as to diagnose the city's current energy situation. This assessment was used to define a series of policies, energy saving and diversification measures, collected in different municipal plans, with the aim of decreasing the external energy dependence and the energy consumption, thereby lowering greenhouse gases emissions. Maintaining the same methodology and updating the historical series each year also allowed tracking the city's energy policy, as well as the evolution of the main energy indicators (i.e. per capita consumption and energy intensity). The methodology could be replicated in other cities worldwide, yielding improvements in their urban emission inventories.

More information

Item ID: 55465
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/55465/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:55465
DOI: 10.1016/j.cities.2018.11.012
Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264275118308011?via%3Dihub
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 19 Jun 2019 17:56
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2019 17:56
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