Control of oxidative stress as a tolerance mechanism in Ulmus minor against Ophiostoma novo-ulmi

Martin Garcia, Juan Antonio and Sobrino Plata, Juan and Coira, B. and Medel Cuesta, David and Collada Collada, Maria Carmen and Gil Sanchez, Luis Alfonso (2018). Control of oxidative stress as a tolerance mechanism in Ulmus minor against Ophiostoma novo-ulmi. In: "LIFE+ELMIAS Ash and Elm, and IUFRO WP 7.02.01 Root and Stem Rots Conference (LIFE-IUFRO)", 26 Agosto- 1 Septiembre 2018, Uppsala. p. 102.

Description

Title: Control of oxidative stress as a tolerance mechanism in Ulmus minor against Ophiostoma novo-ulmi
Author/s:
  • Martin Garcia, Juan Antonio
  • Sobrino Plata, Juan
  • Coira, B.
  • Medel Cuesta, David
  • Collada Collada, Maria Carmen
  • Gil Sanchez, Luis Alfonso
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Poster)
Event Title: LIFE+ELMIAS Ash and Elm, and IUFRO WP 7.02.01 Root and Stem Rots Conference (LIFE-IUFRO)
Event Dates: 26 Agosto- 1 Septiembre 2018
Event Location: Uppsala
Title of Book: PROGRAM & BOOK OF ABSTRACTS
Date: September 2018
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Ulmus minor, grafiosis de los olmos.
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Montes, Forestal y del Medio Natural (UPM)
Department: Sistemas y Recursos Naturales
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

The high virulence of the Dutch elm disease (DED) pathogen, Ophiostoma novoulmi, has decimated European and North American elm populations during the last century. The number of native resistant elm clones available on the market is scarce, and the defense mechanisms that render a tree tolerant or resistant to the disease are not well understood. In this work we cultivated in vitro Ulmus minor plants with the aim to: i) study the pathogen dispersion rate in two clones of contrasting susceptibility level to DED, and ii) characterize plant stress responses after O. novoulmi inoculation. At 1, 3, 7, 14 and 21 days after inoculation (dai) we monitored: pathogen spread within the plant, plant oxidative stress (lipid peroxidation), content of phenolic compounds, level of chlorophylls, and plant growth. We also performed an anatomical study of the xylem to evaluate the possible role of conduit size on susceptibility. The rate of pathogen dispersal was similar in both clones, suggesting that tolerance rather than resistance mechanisms operate in the low susceptible clone. Xylem anatomy was also similar in both clones, and therefore differences in the response to the pathogen were not attributable to anatomical factors. After pathogen inoculation, the tolerant clone showed a marked increase in lipid peroxidation at 1 dai, but afterwards the levels decreased to values of control plants. The susceptible clone, on the contrary, showed enhanced values of lipid peroxidation at 1, 3, 14 and 21 dai. A peak in total phenolic compounds was detected in the tolerant clone at 3 dai, while no significant changes were observed in the susceptible clone. The susceptible but not the tolerant plantlets suffered a significant delay in apical growth and a decrease in chlorophyll content at 21 dai. The results suggest that the tolerant clone, in spite of being widely colonized by the pathogen, rapidly controlled the induced oxidative burst by producing antioxidant compounds. The susceptible clone maintained a high oxidative stress level during a long period after inoculation, which possibly led to cell damage, cessation of growth and reduced chlorophyll content. Oxidative stress homeostasis thus appears as a factor that can contribute to elm tolerance to DED. Furthermore, the in vitro system used in the experiment arises as plausible early-screening method of elm tolerance.

More information

Item ID: 55517
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/55517/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:55517
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 08 Jul 2019 07:23
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2019 07:23
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