Assessing population vulnerability towards summer energy poverty: Case studies of Madrid and London

Sánchez-Guevara Sánchez, Carmen and Núñez Peiró, Miguel and Taylor, Jonathon and Mavrogianni, Anna and Neila Gonzalez, Francisco Javier (2019). Assessing population vulnerability towards summer energy poverty: Case studies of Madrid and London. "Energy and Buildings", v. 190 ; pp. 132-143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.02.024.

Description

Title: Assessing population vulnerability towards summer energy poverty: Case studies of Madrid and London
Author/s:
  • Sánchez-Guevara Sánchez, Carmen
  • Núñez Peiró, Miguel
  • Taylor, Jonathon
  • Mavrogianni, Anna
  • Neila Gonzalez, Francisco Javier
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Energy and Buildings
Date: 1 May 2019
Volume: 190
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: energy poverty, fuel poverty, heat vulnerability, cooling energy demand, urban heat island, low income, elderly, London, Madrid
Faculty: E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM)
Department: Construcción y Tecnología Arquitectónica
UPM's Research Group: Arquitectura Bioclimática en un entorno sostenible ABIO
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - Non commercial - Share

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Abstract

Climate change is expected to increase the frequency and duration of hot weather and its associated adverse health effects. In dense urban areas, these phenomena will be exacerbated by the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect and indoor overheating. This paper assesses population exposure and vulnerability to high summer temperatures by exploring the geospatial connection between the UHI, housing energy efficiency and overheating risk, and social vulnerability indicators, such as income and the elderly population. Focusing on Madrid and London, two European cities with strong UHIs but contrasting drivers of indoor heat risk, the spatial distribution of selected indicators were analysed by means of Geographical Information Systems, and areas with the highest vulnerability towards summer energy poverty were identified. It was found that while ‘hot and vulnerable’ areas are present in both Madrid and London, there are significant differences in climate, socioeconomic distribution and housing between the two cities. In warmer climates such as Madrid, energy poverty - traditionally defined by wintertime heating - requires its definition to be broadened to include summertime cooling needs; in the context of climate change and urban warming trends, this may soon also be the case in northern cities such as London.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Government of SpainBIA2013-41732-RMODIFICAFrancisco Javier Neila GonzálezModelo predictivo del comportamiento de edificios de vivienda bajo los efectos de la isla de calor de Madrid
Government of SpainHABITABIA2016-81749-REDTFrancisco Javier Neila GonzálezRed de Excelencia sobre Microclima, Habitabilidad y Salud Urbana

More information

Item ID: 55644
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/55644/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:55644
DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.02.024
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.02.024
Deposited by: Miguel Núñez Peiró
Deposited on: 29 Jun 2019 05:57
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 19:18
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