Microstructural and Thermo-Physical Characterization of a Water Hyacinth Petiole for Thermal Insulation Particle Board Manufacture

Salas Ruiz, Adela and Barbero Barrera, María Del Mar and Ruiz Téllez, Trinidad (2019). Microstructural and Thermo-Physical Characterization of a Water Hyacinth Petiole for Thermal Insulation Particle Board Manufacture. "Materials (Basel)", v. 12 (n. 4); pp. 1-16. ISSN 1996-1944. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12040560.

Description

Title: Microstructural and Thermo-Physical Characterization of a Water Hyacinth Petiole for Thermal Insulation Particle Board Manufacture
Author/s:
  • Salas Ruiz, Adela
  • Barbero Barrera, María Del Mar
  • Ruiz Téllez, Trinidad
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Materials (Basel)
Date: February 2019
ISSN: 1996-1944
Volume: 12
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Water Hyacinth; cellulose fibres; bio-based thermal insulation; binder-less; anatomy characterization; chemical characterization; thermal conductivity; mechanical characterization; invasive Plant
Faculty: E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM)
Department: Otro
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is a dangerous and invasive aquatic species, of which global concern has sharply risen due to its rapid growth. Despite ample research on its possible applications in the construction field, there are no clear references on the optimal use of the plant in finding the most efficient-use building material. In this paper, a microstructural and chemical characterization of the Water Hyacinth petiole was performed, in order to find the most efficient use as a construction material. Subsequently, two types of binder-less insulation panels were developed, with two types of particle size (pulp and staple). A physical, mechanical, and thermal characterization of the boards was performed. These results demonstrated that it is possible to manufacture self-supporting Water Hyacinth petiole panels without an artificial polymer matrix for thermal insulation. The boards showed good thermal conductivity values, ranging from 0.047–0.065 W/mK. In addition, clear differences were found in the properties of the boards, depending on the type of Water Hyacinth petiole particle size, due to the differences in the microstructure.

More information

Item ID: 55686
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/55686/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:55686
DOI: 10.3390/ma12040560
Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/materials
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 10 Jul 2019 10:02
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2019 10:02
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