On cup anemometers signal processing for better measurements and maintenance

Ramos Cenzano, Álvaro and Ogueta Gutierrez, Mikel and Pindado Carrion, Santiago (2019). On cup anemometers signal processing for better measurements and maintenance. In: "8th European Conference for Aeronautics and Space Sciences (EUCASS 2019)", 1-4 jul 2019, Madrid.

Description

Title: On cup anemometers signal processing for better measurements and maintenance
Author/s:
  • Ramos Cenzano, Álvaro
  • Ogueta Gutierrez, Mikel
  • Pindado Carrion, Santiago
Item Type: Presentation at Congress or Conference (Article)
Event Title: 8th European Conference for Aeronautics and Space Sciences (EUCASS 2019)
Event Dates: 1-4 jul 2019
Event Location: Madrid
Title of Book: 8th European Conference for Aeronautics and Space Sciences (EUCASS 2019)
Date: 2019
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Cup anemometer, calibration, MEASNET, wind speed sensor, accuracy
Faculty: Instituto de Microgravedad Ignacio Da Riva (UPM)
Department: Aeronaves y Vehículos Espaciales
UPM's Research Group: Desarrollo y Ensayos Aeroespaciales DEA
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

The aerodynamics of rotatory elements is an extremely interesting topic that has brought attention of many researchers since the early works by Ludwig Prandtl. A clear example of rotational aerodynamics is the classic cup anemometer. In this research, anemometers equipped with opto-electronic output signal generators based on slotted wheels have been tested, their output signals being studied. The analysis of the output signal of the classic cup anemometer has a great relevance in the correct measurement of the wind speed. This correct analysis can help understand non-steady phenomena of the wind such as turbulence, optimize their maintenance, and also improve the study of the appropriate manufacture of the anemometers. Slight deviations on cup anemometer wind speed measurements may lead to non-optimal policies in wind turbine’s control, decreasing the economic revenue of the corresponding wind power plant. These deviations may be caused by two main different problems, among others. On the one hand, the processing method used to extract the rotation/output frequency if the sensor and, on the other hand, turbulence of the flow and measurement errors present in the slotted wheel of the opto-electronic output signal generator of the anemometer. Two different processing methods to extract the aforementioned output frequency have been tested, namely the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and the counting pulses method (CP). These methods have been tested for different sampling frequencies and sampling time. The influence of the frequency is significant for both methods, but CP has been observed to have smaller residuals, especially at high sampling frequencies. The residuals have been observed to reach a constant value for both processing methods after a certain in value of the sampling frequency has been researched. Regarding sampling times, both methods decrease the residuals when the sampling time is increased, but the trend is more significant for CP. Turbulence and other errors affect the signature (the train of pulses during one turn). The signature has been studied at very high sampling frequency (125 kHz). The tests have been performed in a wind tunnel under an ISO 17025 standard. Additional tests of the anemometer in still air and without cups have been performed. In those tests, the anemometer has been driven with a DC motor. Both cases have been compared analysing the first twelve Fourier harmonic terms.

More information

Item ID: 55725
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/55725/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:55725
Deposited by: Biblioteca ETSI Aeronauticos
Deposited on: 09 Jul 2019 11:08
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2019 11:08
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