Mechanics of masonry vaults: The equilibrium approach

Huerta Fernández, Santiago (2001). Mechanics of masonry vaults: The equilibrium approach. In: "Historical Constructions. Possibilities of numerical and experimental techniques". Universidade do Minho, Guimaraes, Portugal, pp. 47-69. ISBN 972 8692 01 3.

Description

Title: Mechanics of masonry vaults: The equilibrium approach
Author/s:
  • Huerta Fernández, Santiago
Editor/s:
  • Lourenço, Paulo
  • Roca, Pere
Item Type: Book Section
Title of Book: Historical Constructions. Possibilities of numerical and experimental techniques
Date: 2001
ISBN: 972 8692 01 3
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: arches vaults domes masonry equilibrium geometrical factor safety buttress collapse construction history building engineering theory structural stability gothic Rankine arcos bóvedas cúpulas seguridad coeficiente geométrico Rankine historia construcción ingeniería gótico
Faculty: E.T.S. Arquitectura (UPM)
Department: Estructuras de Edificación [hasta 2014]
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

The theory of masonry structures should take into account the essentials of the material "masonry": heterogeneity, good compressive strength, almost no resistance to tension, and a high friction coefficient. Besides, it should be appropriated to the usual structural type of old masonry buildings, i.e., vaulted structures with massive buttresses. Finally, it should consider that cracks are present in most masonry buildings and that these cracks may vary with time. From the end of the seventeenth century a "scientific" theory of vaulted masonry structures has been developed. Professor Heyman has incorporated this "old" theory of masonry structures within the broader frame of modern Limit Analysis. This scientific theory was preceded by another: the traditional "geometrical" theory of the old master builders. Both theories tried to solve the fundamental problem of structural design: to design safe structures, i.e., to understand what makes an structure safe (or unsafe). Both theories arrive to same conclusion: the safety of a masonry structure is a matter of geometry. A safe state of equilibrium is achieved through a correct geometry. Both historically and theoretically the "equilibrium approach" is the best approach to the analysis and design of masonry structures.

More information

Item ID: 569
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/569/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:569
Deposited by: Profesor S. Huerta
Deposited on: 15 Oct 2007
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 06:22
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