Physical activity and emotional intelligence among undergraduate students: a correlational study

Acebes Sánchez, Jorge and Diez Vega, Ignacio and Esteban Gonzalo, Sara and Rodríguez Romo, Gabriel (2019). Physical activity and emotional intelligence among undergraduate students: a correlational study. "BCM Public Health", v. 19 ; pp. 1-7. ISSN 1471-2458. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7576-5.

Description

Title: Physical activity and emotional intelligence among undergraduate students: a correlational study
Author/s:
  • Acebes Sánchez, Jorge
  • Diez Vega, Ignacio
  • Esteban Gonzalo, Sara
  • Rodríguez Romo, Gabriel
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: BCM Public Health
Date: September 2019
ISSN: 1471-2458
Volume: 19
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Emotional intelligence; Physical activity; GPAQ; TMMS-24; Undergraduate students
Faculty: Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (INEF) (UPM)
Department: Deportes
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

Background: Physical activity (PA) can be a mechanism that develops emotions. Emotional intelligence (EI) is related to significant public health and psychological benefits. However, there is little information about the relationships between PA and EI dimensions: emotional attention, clarity, and repair. This study examined the possible relationships between these variables in undergraduate students from Madrid. As a secondary aim, sex differences in PA domains and EI dimensions were examined. Methods: A total of 2960 (21.34 ± 4.34 years) undergraduate students from Madrid (Spain) fulfilled the Trait MetaMood Scale (TMMS-24) and Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). We used a MANOVA to compare EI and PA levels according to sex. Different linear regressions were conducted to calculate the PA and age prediction power based on EI. Results: We found a significant association between EI dimensions and PA levels, although these relationships were small. Fully adjusted linear regression showed that sex and leisure-time PA (LTPA) were associated of emotional attention (r2 c = .025). Sex, age, and LTPA were associated of emotional repair (r2 c = .024). There were statistically significant differences in EI by sex (p ≤ .001; η2 p = .039), with higher scores in emotional attention for women (p ≤ .001) and emotional clarity (p ≤ .001) and repair (p ≤ .001) for men. PA levels differed according to sex (p ≤ .001; η2 p = .038). Men show higher scores in LTPA levels (p = .002) and occupational PA (p ≤ .001). Conclusions: Undergraduate students with higher levels of LTPA showed a better score on EI, specifically in emotional attention and emotional repair. However, these associations and the predictive power of LTPA regarding emotional attention and emotional repair were weak. Men engaged in more LTPA and occupational PA and had higher emotional clarity and emotional repair than women. However, women had higher emotional attention.

More information

Item ID: 57023
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/57023/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:57023
DOI: 10.1186/s12889-019-7576-5
Official URL: https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-019-7576-5
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 18 Feb 2020 08:49
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2020 08:49
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