Doussinault, G. and Delibes Castro, Angeles and Sánchez-Monge Laguna de Rins, Rosa and García Olmedo, Francisco
Transfer of a major dominant gene for resistance to eyespot disease from a wild grass to hexaploid wheat.
"Nature", v. 303
Eyespot disease, caused by the fungus Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides, is responsible for considerable lodging and reductions of yield in extensive areas of wheat cultivation in North and South America, Europe, New Zealand, Australia and Africa1. The level of resistance of wheat cultivars is too low, even among the less susceptible ones (that is, Cappelle Desprez and Cerco) and no genes for resistance have to date been characterized in any species. Sprague2 found a high level of resistance to this disease in the wild grass Aegilops ventricosa and several workers have attempted its transfer to cultivated wheat with only partial success3−5. We report here a major dominant gene for resistance, which has been transferred from tetraploid Ae. ventricosa (genomes DvDvMvMv) to hexaploid wheat, Triticum aestivum (AABBDD), using tetraploid wheat, Triticum turgidum (AABB), as a 'bridge' species.