GIS Tools for Analyzing Accidents and Road Design: a Review

Satria, Romi and Castro Malpica, María (2016). GIS Tools for Analyzing Accidents and Road Design: a Review. "Transportation Research Procedia", v. 18 ; pp. 242-247. ISSN 2352-1465. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2016.12.033.

Description

Title: GIS Tools for Analyzing Accidents and Road Design: a Review
Author/s:
  • Satria, Romi
  • Castro Malpica, María
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Transportation Research Procedia
Date: 2016
ISSN: 2352-1465
Volume: 18
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: Accidents, Road Design, GIS Tools
Faculty: E.T.S.I. Caminos, Canales y Puertos (UPM)
Department: Ingeniería Civil: Transporte y Territorio
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

A significant unexpected outcome of transportation systems is road accidents with injuries and loss of lives. In recent years, the number of studies about the tools for analysing accidents and road design has increased considerably. Among these tools, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) stand out for their ability to perform complex spatial analyses. However, sometimes the GIS, has been used only as a geographical database to store and represent data about accidents and road characteristics. It has also been used to represent the results of statistical studies of accidents but, these statistical studies have not been carried out with GIS. Owing to its integrated statistical-analysis capabilities GIS provides several advantages. First, it allows a more careful and accurate data selection, screening and reduction. Also, it allows a spatial analysis of the results in pre and post-processing. Second, GIS allows the development of spatial statistics that rely on geographically-referenced data. In this paper, several GIS tools used to model accidents have been examined. The understanding of these tools will help the analyst to make a better decision about which tool could be applied in each particular condition and context.

More information

Item ID: 62595
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/62595/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:62595
DOI: 10.1016/j.trpro.2016.12.033
Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352146516307888?via%3Dihub
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 22 May 2020 14:27
Last Modified: 22 May 2020 14:27
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