Yield and Quality Performance of Traditional and Improved Bread and Durum Wheat Varieties under Two Conservation Tillage Systems

Ruiz Valcarcel, María Magdalena and Zambrana, Encarna and Fité Sánchez, Mª del Rosario and Solé, Aída and Luis Tenorio, José and Benavente Barzana, M. Elena (2019). Yield and Quality Performance of Traditional and Improved Bread and Durum Wheat Varieties under Two Conservation Tillage Systems. "Sustainability", v. 11 (n. 17); p. 4522. ISSN 2071-1050. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174522.

Description

Title: Yield and Quality Performance of Traditional and Improved Bread and Durum Wheat Varieties under Two Conservation Tillage Systems
Author/s:
  • Ruiz Valcarcel, María Magdalena
  • Zambrana, Encarna
  • Fité Sánchez, Mª del Rosario
  • Solé, Aída
  • Luis Tenorio, José
  • Benavente Barzana, M. Elena
Item Type: Article
Título de Revista/Publicación: Sustainability
Date: September 2019
ISSN: 2071-1050
Volume: 11
Subjects:
Freetext Keywords: landraces; yield components; quality parameters; conservation agriculture; soil quality; no-tillage; minimum tillage; drought
Faculty: E.T.S. de Ingeniería Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas (UPM)
Department: Biotecnología - Biología Vegetal
Creative Commons Licenses: Recognition - No derivative works - Non commercial

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Abstract

The increasing spread of conservation agriculture demands that the next generation of wheat varieties includes cultivars capable of maintaining satisfactory yields with lower inputs and under uncertain climate scenarios. On the basis of the genetic gains achieved during decades of selection oriented to yield improvements under conventional crop management, it is important that novel breeding targets are defined and addressed. Grain yield, yield-related traits, and phenological and morphological characteristics, as well as functional quality parameters have been analyzed for six varieties each of bread and durum wheat, under minimum tillage and no-tillage. During the three-year experiment, the climatic conditions at the field trial site were characterized by low rainfall, although different degrees of aridity—from moderate to severe—were experienced. Differences were found between these two soil management practices in regard to the varieties’ yield stability. A positive influence of no-tillage on traits related to grain and biomass yield was also evidenced, and sometraits among the examined seemed involved in varietal adaptation to a particular non-conventional tillage system. The study also confirmed some breeding targets for improved performance of wheat genotypes in conservation agroecosystems. These traits were represented in the small set of traditional varieties analysed.

Funding Projects

TypeCodeAcronymLeaderTitle
Madrid Regional GovernmentS2013/ABI-2717AGRISOSTUnspecifiedSistemas agrarios sostenibles. Manejo de carbono, nitrógeno y agua para optimizar producción y calidad
Madrid Regional GovernmentS2018/BAA-4330AGRISOSTUnspecifiedUnspecified
Government of SpainT2016-006UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Government of SpainFP2015-00008-C04-01UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

More information

Item ID: 63241
DC Identifier: http://oa.upm.es/63241/
OAI Identifier: oai:oa.upm.es:63241
DOI: 10.3390/su11174522
Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/17/4522
Deposited by: Memoria Investigacion
Deposited on: 21 Sep 2020 17:08
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2020 17:08
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